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Solar terms culture in Japan: how do the Japanese spend the autumnal equinox?

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0
The 24 solar terms of

is an important cultural wealth belonging to the world. It has not only had an important and far-reaching impact in China, but also played a cultural role outside the country. It has also become a cultural link between China and overseas countries. So today, let's learn about the solar term culture of neighboring Japan: how do the Japanese spend the autumnal equinox?

节气文化在东瀛:日本人的秋分怎么过? you may like the arrangement of flowers in the autumnal equinox solar term

I. when the autumnal equinox and "other shore" mention "autumnal equinox", we have to first understand the unique traditional cultural element "other shore" in Japan. The other side is also known as "Japan's Qingming Festival", which refers to the spring equinox, the autumn equinox and the seven days before and after each three days. There are spring and autumn twice a year. Before and after the spring equinox is the other side of spring, and before and after the autumn equinox is the other side of autumn. The other shore flower gets its name because it opens around the other shore in autumn.


Buddhism calls this world "this shore", and the so-called other shore is another world after people die, that is, the so-called Western Paradise. During the "other shore" season, monasteries across Japan will hold "other shore meetings". Many families invite monks to chant scriptures and go to and sweep tombs for their ancestors. The other shore Association began in the early days of peace in Japan and was widely popularized to ordinary families during the Edo period.

2. Eating Hagi cake on the autumn equinox means glutinous rice balls wrapped with red bean sand. It is generally believed that peonies bloom at the spring equinox, so the red bean paste glutinous rice dumplings eaten on the other side of the spring are called peony cakes; Lespedeza (Hagi in Japanese) blooms at the autumn equinox, so what you eat on the other side of the autumn is called Hagi cake.

at first, Hagi cake was not really "eaten" at the autumnal equinox, but used as a sacrifice for ancestors. Making Hagi cake requires raw materials such as glutinous rice, white sugar and red beans. In ancient Japan, white sugar was a very expensive food, and red red beans were also considered to have the function of "eliminating evil". It is also a way to sacrifice our ancestors to make Hagi cakes with precious ingredients that can dispel filth on the other shore.

III. autumn and autumn of appetite. There is a custom of "sticking autumn fat" among Chinese people. According to the principle of "raising Yang in spring and summer and Yin in autumn and winter", tonic is needed in autumn and winter. There are also "autumn appetite" and "autumn taste awareness" in Japanese for three reasons. First, autumn is a harvest season, and you can taste a variety of fresh food; Second, the heat in summer makes people lose their appetite. When the weather turns cold, they naturally have a good appetite; The third is that after eating disorder in summer, we need to eat some nutritious things in autumn to adjust our intestines and stomach, so as to prepare for cold resistance in winter.


the Japanese think that the three ingredients that "can feel autumn best" are saury, sweet potato and chestnut. Saury is rich in DHA and EPA, which can reduce cholesterol and prevent arteriosclerosis and cerebral thrombosis. Rich dietary fiber in sweet potato can regulate intestinal health. And sweet potato is rich in vitamin C, which is as rich as orange, which is very beneficial to people who receive a lot of ultraviolet radiation in summer. Chestnut is rich in vitamin B, which has the effect of anti-aging and restoring physical strength. In addition, cakes and jellies made of apples and pears, persimmons, pumpkins, Tricholoma matsutake rice, ginkgo fruit and so on are also seasonal food in autumn.

4. The "three autumnal equinox" in Japan is called "Lei naifa sound" from September 23 to 27, which is opposite to the "Lei Nai sound" in the third season of the spring equinox solar term, which means that thunder can no longer be heard often from this season. Compared with the sudden rolling thunder in summer evening, there is less rain and less thunder in autumn. From September 28 to October 2, it is called "stinging insects are bad", which is opposite to "stinging insects start" in the first phase of the solar term of waking stings. It means that due to the cold weather, insects begin to drill into the soil and seal the hole with fine soil to prevent the invasion of cold air. "Water began to dry up" from October 3 to 7 means that the river began to dry up due to the reduction of rainfall and the rapid evaporation of dry weather.

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