Frost has changed the sky. What human diseases should we pay attention to?
frost fall is the last solar term in autumn. It is a period of alternating seasons from autumn to winter. The folk so-called "cold dew is not cold, frost fall changes the sky" just shows the changeable weather at this time. In the frost reduction solar term where the temperature drops steadily and the temperature difference continues to increase, professional doctors pointed out that people should pay attention to a variety of chronic human diseases. Let's understand it now.
what season is frost?
cold stimulation caused by climate change of hypertension will excite sympathetic nerve, constrict capillaries, increase blood pressure, and then lead to the recurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.and
expert tips: first, increase or decrease clothes appropriately in the morning and evening to prevent catching cold; Secondly, appropriately increase physical activity and rest regularly to prevent excessive fatigue; Thirdly, people with a history of hypertension should often measure blood pressure and adjust the dosage in time; Finally, we should pay attention to the dietary structure, eat less and more meals, eat low salt food, do not smoke or drink, and eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. The elderly with coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases had better carry nitroglycerin, quick acting Jiuxin pills and other drugs.
arthritis cold is one of the important causes of arthritis, especially the pain, swelling and joint stiffness symptoms of patients with wind cold dampness arthritic arthritis will increase with the decrease of temperature, and individual patients with stable condition are easy to relapse.and
experts suggest that patients with arthritis, lumbar and cervical diseases must keep warm when the weather turns cold. Cyclists can prevent joint coldness by wearing knee and elbow pads; More sun exposure and proper functional exercise also contribute to the health of joints.
vascular disease as the temperature drops, some inactive elderly people will have leg pain and swelling. Most people will think they have caught a cold. In fact, this may be the manifestation of lower limb vascular disease in the elderly. Especially lower extremity arteriosclerosis occlusion and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, because their symptoms are similar to arthritis. If accompanied by pain, chills or intermittent claudication, it is best to go to the hospital orthopedics and general surgery for examination.and
experts suggest that these two vascular diseases may lead to insufficient oxygen supply, pain, cold lower limbs, color change, hypoesthesia, ulcer or gangrene. Examination methods such as color Doppler ultrasound and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of lower limb vessels.
intracerebral hemorrhage research shows that if the temperature drops to minus 5 ℃, the stroke mortality per million people will reach 4.8 per day, while the death rate at 17 ℃ is 3.2. The reason is that cold stimulation will suddenly shrink blood vessels, increase blood pressure, rupture the originally fragile cerebral blood vessels and cause cerebral hemorrhage. Cold is easy to increase blood viscosity and cause cerebral thrombosis.and
experts suggest that middle-aged and elderly people suffering from hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia must pay attention to keeping warm in cold weather, timely increase clothes, quilts and warm keeping facilities, and soak their feet with hot water before going to bed. In case of chest tightness, dizziness, drowsiness and numbness of one side of the limb, see a doctor in time.
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