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The most solemn solar terms: decomposition of the custom of offering sacrifices to ancestors in the winter solstice

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0

the custom of ancestor worship varies from place to place, especially during the solar term. The customs of each place must be different. Then, the winter solstice has always been the most grand solar term and people attach the most importance to it. What are the customs of ancestor worship in this solar term? Let's look down.


and 冬至 may be interested in the ancient poem


about the winter solstice. The origin of the winter solstice and the custom of ancestor worship have been recorded in Cui Shi's four people's monthly order of the Eastern Han Dynasty, which says that the people want to offer millet sheep to xuanming and Zu you. The records of ancestor worship at the winter solstice were more common in the Song Dynasty. Tokyo dreamland tells us that the winter solstice is the most important festival in the capital. So far, it is easier to dress up, prepare meals and worship our ancestors. The old stories of Wulin said that wonton was the first to enjoy. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, ancestor worship prevailed in the winter solstice. According to Jiangyin county annals of Jiajing, the ancestral remains of the festival Dynasty are hung in the nave, and the ceremonies are held according to the new year's day. In southern areas where the clan system is prosperous, ancestral worship is often carried out in ancestral halls. Nankang county annals of Jiajing Jiangxi Province: "the winter solstice worship precedes the ancestral temple, and the tomb worship is like the Qingming Festival." the custom of sacrificing the ancestors of the winter solstice is popular in Fujian Province, such as the Jianyang county annals of Wanli "It's a ritual for Japanese families to offer sacrifices to their ancestors." Fujian's ancestors are worshipped with specially made rice balls. Qing people usually worship their ancestors at home and in tombs at the winter solstice. They often worship their ancestors in family temples like Qingming and Zhongyuan.


Ningbo, Zhejiang: on the first day of the first lunar month, candles are lit in front of the ancestral images for Chen tangtuan, cakes, cakes and fruits, and the family kneels down in turn. Some people also offer the ancestral images in the ancestral temple, and the family goes to the ancestral temple to worship the ancestors.


Dongguan, Guangdong: on the first day of the first lunar month, most families first choose an auspicious hour in the calendar to hold a ancestor worship ceremony. The offerings are tea, wine, rice, save boxes, fruit and Dragon (New Year cake) , Ludui and vegetarian dishes. Ancestor worship procedures: burning incense, lighting candles, burning Yuanbao, and firing a string of cannons. The whole family worships their ancestors first according to the order of generations and age. The ancestors of the Chinese family are always lit with lights and cigarettes.


Kaifeng, Henan Province: at the age of five, people wash themselves first, wear dresses and hats, arrange sacrifices on the offering table, burn incense and candles, and firecrackers. According to the elders and children, the family kneels down to their ancestors and wishes "New Year's blessings",


Northeast China: at midnight on the first day of the new year, people of all sizes change into new clothes, new hats, new socks, new shoes and worship their ancestors. In front of the ancestral throne, they light candles, burn incense, burn paper and fire artillery. Their descendants kneel down and worship like an instrument, which is called "hair paper vaccination."


Guangdong and Guangxi regions: at five or six o'clock on the morning of the first day of the lunar new year, the rich wine and dishes are arranged in front of the ancestral hall. All the men, women, old and young of the whole family put on new clothes and knelt down to their ancestors according to their elders.

Eastern Henan region: after breakfast on the first day of the lunar new year, the whole family should worship their ancestors, according to their generations, first men and then women, kowtow and kneel one by one to the ancestral throne.

Western Sichuan: in the incense burner in front of the ancestral shrine, a long incense filled with light smoke was lit, the red candle lit up a brilliant light, and the copper chime sounded with a sound, filled with a solemn atmosphere. The elders led men and women, old and young, men and women, left and right, standing neatly on both sides, burning incense, candles and paper to the ancestral shrine, kneeling down to the ancestral shrine, serving wine, providing food and incinerating paper money.

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