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Benxi winter activities show different Manchu solar terms and customs

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0

at the beginning of winter, we will celebrate the festival with our own national or regional customs. The meaning is basically the same. We all hope to spend this winter warm. Do you know how Manchu people spend Lidong? Today, I want to introduce the winter festival in Benxi. It shows different Manchu solar terms and customs, which is very worth understanding.

立冬 may also be interested in the origin and customs of the beginning of winter

Benxi is a city under the jurisdiction of Liaoning Province, a city with local legislative power and a central city of urban agglomeration in central Liaoning. Benxi is also a multi-ethnic inhabited area, with more than 20 nationalities such as Han, Manchu, Hui, Dynasty and Mongolia, of which the Manchu population reaches 410000. At the beginning of winter, as soon as autumn grain is put into storage, this season is an active season for people of the eight banners of the Manchu and the eight banners of the Han Army to burn incense and worship their ancestors. In particular, the "votive incense" and "Taiping incense" of people in the eight banners of the Han Dynasty strive to be held around the beginning of winter. Sacrificial activities mainly include tiger jumping God. The divine craftsman (single drum artist) who plays the Tiger God has a good solar term in early winter and October. Inside and outside, you can perform unique skills, which can show the martial arts characteristics of artists.


the eight banners of the Han Army are mostly in the season of early winter, October and little sunny spring. Families are connected, and incense burning activities are held one after another. The sacrifice of the eight banners of the Han army is called "burning flag incense and jumping Tiger God", and the eight banners of the man army are called "burning meat incense". "Burning meat incense" will take 5-7 days and kill three pigs. The first pig worships heaven, the second pig worships ancestors, and the third pig worships "crooked pear mother". Generally, farmers can only organize a "meat burning incense" votive incense in three to five years. There are many "burning Taiping incense" almost once a year. Most of them do not kill pigs but replace them with chickens. Twenty one chickens are slaughtered in the middle family and seven chickens are slaughtered in the general family. This is called "burning vegetarian incense".


are people living in the Manchu eight banners and Han military banners in Xinbin area, which are commonly referred to as "singing family drama" for "burning incense and offering sacrifices to ancestors". "Burning flag incense and jumping Tiger God" is a very lively ancestor worship ceremony for the people of the Han military flag. It has all kinds of singing, reading, doing and fighting. In particular, the Tiger God is dressed up as a living dragon and rolls and jumps. Those who are capable can jump across the ridge of the house and roll and turn on the ridge of the house. There are also tiger claws with bare feet and a layer of cloth, running and jumping up the ridge of the house (i.e. tying a guillotine layer by layer on a high ladder). For this reason, people watching the excitement come one after another from shiliba village, all of them should have a good eye. Han military flag family "burning flag incense and jumping Tiger God" has the largest audience. The audience can not only see the whole picture of the tiger jumping God, but also see the unique skills of swinging the waist bell, holding the water bowl and playing the drum, that is, the water bowl on the top of the head, stretching the drum on the two arms, bending the two arms, flattening the wrist, hanging a drum on the index finger, swinging the waist bell, turning the kite and hitting the drum on the point.


at the same time, you can also see all kinds of tumbling and jumping of overlord whip, carp lying lotus, a flower stick playing on the palm, back of hand, left shoulder, right shoulder, left knee and right knee, Erlang Danshan, kicking flower stick, wheel hair rolling on the spot, standing on all sides and lying on all sides. This stick has a variety of patterns, which is also called flower stick. Generally, the three drum craftsman can play thirty-nine sections, and the fierce craftsman can play fifty or sixty sections. This kind of "burning flags, incense and jumping tiger gods" of the eight banners of the Han army is a great play that attracts the audience.


are full of eight banners to "burn meat incense" for 5-7 days. This incense burning is solemn and solemn in accordance with the original rules of "Shamanism". In the first three days of offering sacrifices to ancestors and burning incense, the whole family ate fast for ten days without meat. In the first three days of "face lifting", the housewife did it herself. She didn't wipe the fat powder or even the snow cream. She didn't use soap to wash her face, and even pig pancreas. She only used hot water to wash her face. In order to wash her hands, she could wash her hands with facial alkali, and other women's family members followed suit. TaoHUANG rice kneels on the ground. The sister-in-law also kneels on her knees, and then passes it to the younger daughter-in-law. She sends it to the top of the "Hashi" (warehouse) and dries it in the sun. This is the yellow rice used to knock face.


after panning the yellow rice twice, put it into a small pot and tie the mouth of the pot with thin sheepskin. Rich families can put it into two jars to make rice wine, also known as "sugar yellow rice wine". This wine has to be opened on the day of Shanggong. The incense owner will bottle the wine, pour nine bowls or cups, and then serve nine plates of pastries (sticky cakes made of sticky yellow rice noodles) in sequence. The offering is complete. Open the lotus incense plate, which is made of wood. There is a incense trough in the middle to filter Dazi incense powder (Manchu name ansu incense, Manchu name YINGSHANHONG). This is the tip of the tender leaf or shoot of Dazi fragrant flower (Rhododendron), dried and ground into fragrant powder. The bottom of the slot is padded with incense ash. The incense can't burn the wooden plate, so it can prevent fire. You can burn it for at least one night and add incense frequently. As a result, cigarettes are constantly swirling and fragrant.


call pigs to kill pigs. Manchu people have not used their right hand to kill pigs since ancient times. In the early years, oak cutting was cut into a sharp point and fried in an oil pan. It was extremely sharp and was used to kill pigs. Later, I was afraid that the skill of slaughtering pigs with cuttings was poor, so I was slaughtered by the "Shaman" with a sharp knife in my left hand. When slaughtering a pig, first pour a cup of wine into the pig's ear. When the pig's ear flutters, it indicates that all ancestors have received the pig. This pig must be a boar "rub" son, commonly known as "net". If the pig's ears don't move, "Shaman" is worried. He kneels down on his knees and reads Manchu prayers with his hands together. The incense Lord leads the whole family to kowtow until the pig's ears shake and the ancestors take the animals, which makes everyone happy.

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