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It's cold in spring. The health of the elderly needs to pay attention to heart protection

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0

cold in late spring is a weather phenomenon that is not uncommon in early spring. It refers to the weather phenomenon that the temperature rises rapidly in early spring (generally refers to the end of February and the beginning of March), and the temperature is lower than that in normal years in late spring (generally refers to April). When the cold of late spring comes, the weather is changeable and difficult to adapt. Especially the middle-aged and elderly friends need to pay special attention to their health. Heart protection is the key. Let's see what the doctor says.


cardiologists point out that cardiovascular disease can recur all year round, but spring is an eventful autumn, especially from March to April, which may be a peak period of cardiovascular disease recurrence. There are three reasons:


". First, although it is spring in this period, However, the temperature is still very low, and the weather is changeable, cold and hot, which is easy to cause vasospasm, especially in the elderly. The vascular elasticity is poor, and most of them are accompanied by vascular sclerosis and vascular stenosis. Sudden changes in climate often stimulate vasospasm and reduce myocardial blood supply, and in serious cases, it will induce angina pectoris and myocardial infarction.


the second is that people generally have more indoor activities and less outdoor activities in winter. With the warming of the climate, people's outdoor activities increase, and the myocardial oxygen consumption also increases. Some elderly people, especially those suffering from cardiovascular disease, are temporarily unable to adapt to the load tolerance from static period to active period. In addition, some people do not master the amount of activity well, and the amount of activity is too large, which is easy to induce angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.


the third is that when people get old, their autoimmune function decreases. With the increase of outdoor activities, they are attacked by wind and cold, and the chances of bacterial infection also increase. They are prone to respiratory diseases such as cold, fever and lung infection, which will induce or aggravate cardiovascular diseases.

how can old people maintain their hearts in the late spring and cold season? The doctor suggested that the folk saying that "spring covers the cold in autumn, and old people don't get sick" is reasonable. Spring is warm and cold, the wind is strong, and the temperature changes greatly. The elderly should not take off their cotton clothes too early, pay attention to keep warm, and "cover more".


simultaneously. The elderly should carry out outdoor activities step by step. They should choose activities suitable for the elderly, such as walking, Taijiquan, etc., and the amount of exercise should not be too large. The time of each activity should not be too long. Generally, it is appropriate to take about 30 minutes each time, so as not to make themselves too tired.


patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease should take medicine on time, pay attention to adjusting their lifestyle, eat light and low-fat, quit smoking and limit alcohol, do not eat stimulating food, ensure adequate sleep, control mood fluctuations, and carry first-aid kits with you when going out, preferably accompanied by family members.

in case of unstable condition or paroxysmal angina pectoris in the elderly with cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease, they should go to the hospital in time no matter sooner or later. To rescue cardiovascular patients, time is life. If you get sick, you'd better call an ambulance to avoid other vehicles being delayed to the hospital due to traffic jams.


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