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Four types of diseases most likely to occur in late spring and cold season

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0

the cold of late spring is a period of quite unstable weather. Sometimes the sun is warm, sometimes the cold is striking, which makes people feel uncomfortable. If you are not careful, you will get sick. In this regard, professional doctors remind people that there are four kinds of diseases prone to attack in the late spring and cold season, which need to be paid attention to. Let's see what diseases are and how to prevent them.

倒春寒最易发作的病情

respiratory medicine: colds and asthma are common in spring. Respiratory diseases are high in spring. If clothes are not added in time, people with low immunity such as the elderly and children are easy to catch a cold. After cold air stimulation, it will lead to decreased airway immunity, impaired function, increased airway reactivity, cough, chest tightness and even asthma, dyspnea, etc. Therefore, when the temperature drops suddenly, patients with asthma and chronic bronchitis are easy to relapse or aggravate. Everyone responds differently to these stimuli. People with family history and physical sensitivity will be more serious.

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expert tips: people with weak physique had better reduce going out in cold weather. When going out, they can wear masks, increase clothes, and pay attention to keeping their head, chest, back and feet warm to avoid catching cold.

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cardiology department: the temperature drops suddenly, and the heart is very injured. Due to the large temperature difference between morning and evening, the number of patients with coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction increases significantly. Most patients with coronary heart disease are highly sensitive to weather changes, especially cold weather. Sudden cold stimulation can cause coronary artery spasm, acute myocardial ischemia, angina pectoris and even myocardial infarction. When the weather is cold, reduce outdoor activities, increase blood viscosity, easy to form thrombosis and induce myocardial infarction. Sudden drop in temperature, vasoconstriction, elevated blood pressure, prone to myocardial ischemia. In addition, multiple respiratory tract infections are easy to induce pneumonia, which will also cause excessive heart load and become an important inducement of myocardial infarction.

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expert tips: the elderly should pay attention to keeping warm, use drugs reasonably and control blood pressure. If you have chest tightness, dull pain or panic, you should pay special attention even if the attack time is very short.

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gastroenterology: it is cold in late spring, and old stomach diseases are easy to occur. When the temperature is low, it is a high incidence period of gastrointestinal diseases, because low temperature stimulation will cause capillary contraction, affect gastric acid secretion and gastric blood circulation, resulting in acute gastric spasm, gastric ulcer, gastroenteritis, etc.

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expert tips: people with stomach diseases should pay special attention to keeping warm in this season, and increase or decrease clothes in time according to climate changes to prevent abdominal colds. In the diet, we should pay attention to warming and nourishing the stomach, drink more hot water, eat less cold food and eat on time. Exercise properly, not a lot of exercise, sweating too much. Daily rules, remember not to stay up late, and don't think too much.

neurology: cerebral infarction is terrible in early spring. Spring is the season with high incidence of cerebral infarction, especially many old people have a stroke when they go to the toilet at night or come together in the morning. This period of time is also the coldest time of the day. The sudden drop in temperature, the wide difference in temperature between day and night, low air pressure and high humidity are easy to stimulate the nerves controlling vascular activities in the body, resulting in the continuous spasm of small arteries and vessels, resulting in a sudden rise in blood pressure and stroke accidents. During sleep at night, people are at rest and blood viscosity increases, which is also an important reason for the high incidence of stroke at this time.

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expert tips: once you find symptoms such as limb numbness or weakness on one side, facial numbness or crooked quarrel on one side, unclear speech, dizziness with vomiting, you must be highly vigilant and go to the hospital for examination and treatment immediately. First aid for stroke must be done in three early stages: early identification, early rescue and early thrombolysis.

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