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There are good ways to prevent cold in late spring. Remember that you won't get sick

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-08 1 0

in early spring, the earth is full of vitality, but while the spring is bright, it also brings wet and cold spring cold. During the late spring cold, all kinds of cold diseases or acute chronic diseases are eyeing people. How should we prevent diseases in this cold spring season? Let a professional doctor give you advice on common diseases at this time.

预防倒春寒常见病有高招

Respiratory Medicine - cold and asthma are prevalent in spring. If clothes are not added in time, people with low immunity such as the elderly and children are likely to catch a cold. After cold air stimulation, it will lead to decreased airway immunity, impaired function, increased airway reactivity, cough, chest tightness and even asthma, dyspnea, etc. Therefore, when the temperature drops suddenly, patients with asthma and chronic bronchitis are easy to relapse or aggravate. Everyone responds differently to these stimuli. People with family history and physical sensitivity will be more serious.

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expert tips: people with weak physique had better reduce going out in cold weather. When going out, they can wear masks, increase clothes, and pay attention to keeping their head, chest, back and feet warm to avoid catching cold.

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Gastroenterology - old stomach diseases are prone to attack, and low temperature is the high incidence period of gastrointestinal diseases, because low temperature stimulation will cause capillary contraction, affect gastric acid secretion and gastric blood circulation, resulting in acute gastric spasm, gastric ulcer, gastroenteritis, etc.

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expert tips: for patients with stomach diseases in the late spring and cold season, they all have "old stomach diseases" after getting cold, so people with stomach diseases should pay special attention to keeping warm in this season, and increase or decrease clothes in time according to climate changes to prevent abdominal colds; In the diet, we should pay attention to warming and nourishing the stomach, drink more hot water, eat less cold food and eat on time. Exercise properly, not a lot of exercise, sweating too much. Daily rules, remember not to stay up late, and don't think too much.

Department of Cardiology - cardiovascular injury. Due to the large temperature difference between morning and evening, patients with coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction have increased significantly. Most patients with coronary heart disease are highly sensitive to weather changes, especially cold weather. Sudden cold stimulation can cause coronary artery spasm, acute myocardial ischemia, angina pectoris and even myocardial infarction.

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when the weather is cold, outdoor activities should be reduced, the blood viscosity increases, it is easy to form thrombosis and induce myocardial infarction. Sudden drop in temperature, vasoconstriction, elevated blood pressure, prone to myocardial ischemia. In addition, multiple respiratory tract infections are easy to induce pneumonia, which will also cause excessive heart load and become an important inducement of myocardial infarction.

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expert tips: the elderly should pay attention to keeping warm, use drugs reasonably and control blood pressure. If you have chest tightness, dull pain or panic, you should pay special attention even if the attack time is very short.

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neurology department: cerebral infarction occurs more frequently in spring. Some elderly patients are prone to stroke when they go to the toilet at night or get up in the morning. This is the coldest time of the day. The temperature drops sharply, the temperature difference between day and night, low air pressure and high humidity are easy to stimulate the nerves in the body that control vascular activity, Cause the continuous spasm of small arteries, make the blood pressure rise suddenly, and stroke accidents follow. In addition, when sleeping at night, people are at rest and blood viscosity increases, which is also an important reason for the high incidence of stroke at this time.

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expert tips: once you find symptoms such as limb numbness or weakness on one side, facial numbness or crooked quarrel on one side, unclear speech, dizziness with vomiting, you must be highly vigilant and go to the hospital for examination and treatment immediately.

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