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What are the traditional customs of the southern winter solstice

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

everyone knows that each traditional festival has different traditional customs, and the solar term Festival is the same. Different solar terms have different customs, and the customs of the north and the south are very different. Let's talk about the traditional customs of the winter solstice in the south. Let's have a look with Lao Huang.


the custom of eating Ciba in the southern winter solstice. According to the tradition of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, many people participated in the winter solstice. In Yunnan, there is also the custom of eating Ciba at the winter solstice. And every ancestor worship or major festivals, or weddings and funerals, we have to make Ciba. Therefore, Ciba is called "big Ci" in our hometown. Now common dumplings are called "small Ci" with some disdain.


eat sweet pills. It is said that there was a custom of "entering wine and food and paying homage to the elders" in the winter solstice of the Han Dynasty. Since the song and Yuan Dynasties, the tide custom has been popular to eat sweet pills. Sweet pill is a sweet soup made of glutinous rice flour and water rubbing pills. It is the most representative food on the winter solstice. Before the winter solstice, peasant housewives pounded glutinous rice flour (now mostly rolled by machinery), and some exchanged what they needed and gave it to relatives and friends.

early in the morning of the winter solstice, adults and children at home often sit around bamboo gourds or large plates, extract the powder dough made of glutinous rice powder and water, and rub it into marbles with two hands, which is called "winter solstice pill". "Winter solstice pill" symbolizes that the whole family is full at the end of the year. Some "winter solstice pills" are also filled with orange cake, melon Book sugar and bean sand, commonly known as "duck mother's cake". The "winter solstice pill" can be rubbed arbitrarily in different sizes, which bodes well for the "Gongsun pill". There is a folk saying in Chaoshan that "winter solstice pill, eat it and celebrate the new year", commonly known as "adding years of age", which means that although the new year has not passed, everyone has added a year of age.


eating glutinous rice balls have been established in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. On the winter solstice, we should "make flour balls" or "make glutinous rice balls". These are also officially recorded in historical materials, saying that "on the winter solstice, powdered glutinous rice is called pill, which is called 'Tangyuan'.". After making dumplings, we should worship gods and ancestors, and then eat dumplings around the family, which is called "Tim Sui". Therefore, eating glutinous rice balls at the winter solstice is ancient.


eating dumplings is a traditional custom in the winter solstice, especially in the south of the Yangtze River. "Tangyuan" is a necessary food for the winter solstice. It is a round dessert made of glutinous rice powder. "Yuan" means "Reunion" and "perfection". Eating Tangyuan at the winter solstice is also called "winter solstice group". There is a folk saying that "one year older after eating Tangyuan".


eat roast wax. On the winter solstice, most Cantonese have the custom of "adding vegetables" to eat winter solstice meat. Among them, roast wax is an essential traditional food on the Cantonese winter solstice table. In addition to offering sacrifices to their ancestors, the whole family prepared some bacon and sausage for a meal to pray for good luck in the coming year.


are not only sausages, but also cured fish, cured meat, cured duck and cured chicken. The oily and fragrant cooked rice of cured meat is easy to capture people's heart of constantly pursuing delicious food.


eat nine layer cakes, which also preserve the tradition of sacrificing ancestors with nine layer cakes during the winter solstice. They pinch glutinous rice flour into chickens, ducks, turtles, pigs, cattle, sheep and other animals symbolizing auspiciousness, happiness, wealth and longevity, and then steam them in layers in steamers to worship ancestors, so as to show that they will not forget their ancestors. Winter festival "make up winter" has also become popular. On the day before the winter festival, after dinner, each family rubbed round in the hall. In ancient times, it was forbidden to say ominous words when rubbing round. Make up the winter after rubbing round. Rice cake is one of the tonics. Sweet rice cake should add dried longan meat, and salty rice cake includes mutton cake and red rice cake. There are also male muscovy duck, rooster, stewed eight treasures with pig tripe and turtle or perfect tonic.

eat rice cakes, rice cakes, year high year high. Eating rice cakes is to ask for a "higher and higher year by year" lottery. Since the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, people in Hangzhou have to eat New Year cakes on the winter solstice. The most extreme eating method I've ever heard is to eat three meals a day, one meal at a time, and eat rice cakes in different ways: steamed rice cakes with sesame powder mixed with white sugar in the morning, and fried rice cakes with oil winter vegetables, winter bamboo shoots and shredded meat in the noon; Dinner is potherb mustard, shredded pork, shredded bamboo shoots, rice cake in soup.


eat red bean glutinous rice. In China's Jiangnan Water Town, it is a custom for the whole family to get together and eat red bean glutinous rice on the night of the winter solstice. It is said that Gonggong had talented people who committed many evils and died on the day of the winter solstice. After his death, he became a plague ghost. However, this epidemic ghost is most afraid of red beans. Therefore, people cook and eat red bean glutinous rice on the winter solstice to drive away epidemic ghosts and prevent disasters and diseases.

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