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September 23 autumnal equinox, wind and dew are clear and cold, and the autumn period is half an hour

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

tomorrow is September 23, 2017, the annual autumnal equinox solar term. At this time, most parts of China have entered autumn, with a cool and dry climate. Since ancient times, scholars and writers have left many poems describing beautiful scenery and expressing feelings at the autumnal equinox. There are also many festival customs among the people. Let the old yellow calendar introduce them to you.


Q: when is the autumn equinox in 2017? A: the autumnal equinox in 2017 starts on September 23 and ends on October 8.

"the clock is still light at night, and the season is about the autumnal equinox". According to the lunar calendar, autumn begins at the beginning of autumn and ends at frost, and the autumnal equinox just divides the season equally. On the day of the autumnal equinox, the hours of day and night are the same. After the autumnal equinox, the days will be short and the nights will be long, from hot to cold.


as Lin Yutang said, at the autumnal equinox, "the moon is full, the crab is fat, the sweet scented osmanthus is bright, and it does not fall into a cold and bleak air". This pleasant feeling can also be seen everywhere in ancient poetry. Jia Dao of the Tang Dynasty mentioned the situation of the autumnal equinox in his three visits to Helan at night, in which he said with a couplet: "the spring is noisy and inhabits the pine crane, and the wind dispels the clouds on the moon." the white crane in the pine forest has a tinkling spring, When the wind blows and the clouds disperse, the bright moon is in the sky, calm and pleasant.

Xie Yi of the Song Dynasty wrote in his book "pointing crimson lips": "the golden autumnal equinox, the wind is clear and the dew is cold. The autumn is half cold. The cool toads are full of light. The osmanthus fragrance is far away." the cool wind is blowing, the moonlight is like water, and the osmanthus fragrance is smelling. The Song Dynasty's Yang Gongyuan's "ten rhymes of three uses": "on the bright moon at the head of the house, there is another autumnal equinox on this night... Osmanthus trees are whirling, and the natural fragrance is all over the world." under the moonlight, you can vaguely see the shadow of Osmanthus and smell the fragrance of osmanthus.


although the weather is pleasant, some phenology of the autumnal equinox will still touch the poet's delicate nerves. Yuan Zhen's poem chanting 24 Qi: mid August autumnal equinox: "when the piano plays the southern LV tune, the wind has become high-definition. The clouds disperse and shake the shadow, and the thunder closes and vibrates the anger. The heaven and earth can be quiet, and the cold and heat are even. When you suddenly see the new geese, people dare not be surprised?" the poem describes the characteristics of the autumnal equinox from the first couplet to the neck couplet, which are all set. Finally, when the poet suddenly saw the wild geese coming from the south, he was shocked and disappointed that time flies.


wild geese also cause homesickness among wanderers. In ancient times, the transportation was not as developed as it is now. In autumn, travelers abroad should consider leaving for home. The return of wild geese can naturally arouse people's concern for their hometown. When sun Zuo of the Ming Dynasty heard the sound of wild geese on the autumnal equinox night, he felt homesick. He needed to use wine to dispel his homesickness: "the hometown should be white, and the cold night has autumnal equinox. The moon is bright, the mountains are quiet, and the sky is clear. He felt sad and drunk at the beginning. Beans are ripe in the Nanshan mountains, so he can work hard."


"while Yu Xin raised homesickness to missing his hometown: "Visitors travel through the years, so there are many feelings. Learn from Hengyang geese recently, and cross the river at the autumnal equinox." Yu Xin was originally an official of the southern Liang Dynasty and was ordered to send to the Western Wei Dynasty in the north, but during this period, the Liang Dynasty was destroyed by the Western Wei Dynasty, and Yu Xin had to stay in the north. At the autumnal equinox, watching the wild geese crossing the Yellow River and returning to the south, the poet issued a strong desire to fly south like wild geese and return to his hometown, but Yu Xin finally died of old age in the north.


flooded other wanderers At the time of "yearning for home and loving hometown", relatives also miss tourists in their hometown. It is just another migratory bird, the swallow. The swallow comes at the spring equinox and goes away at the autumn equinox, which is called the "division of points". According to Zi Jingyi of the Qing Dynasty "I miss my son during the festival and recite poems to catch the evening sun. Yan will go tomorrow and the autumn will be at this time. When traveling against the wind, I will only sell literature. It is better to hang my sails early than wait for the snow." I hope that the wandering children will set off and return home as soon as possible, and don't wait for the heavy snow to delay their return.


autumn equinox were once the traditional "festival of sacrificing the moon", and Zhou Li chunguan commented on the emperor "The sun shines at the spring equinox and the moon shines at the autumn equinox" and "the moon shines at the autumn equinox" refers to the ceremony of emperors offering sacrifices to the moon. The etiquette and customs of emperors offering sacrifices to the moon have been handed down to future generations. In the Song Dynasty, there are four poems on the moon at the autumn equinox, which describe the scenes of emperors offering sacrifices to the moon.


People worship and admire the moon at the autumnal equinox. However, because the autumnal equinox does not necessarily have a full moon, in order not to spoil the scenery, the day to enjoy the moon later moved to the Mid Autumn Festival, the full moon closest to the autumnal equinox. In addition, since the Han Dynasty, the fifth day after the beginning of autumn has been established as the autumn social day, which is the day when the ancients offered sacrifices to the earth God. This day is usually before and after the autumnal equinox.

if the autumnal equinox coincides with the three days of the Mid Autumn Festival and social day, it is a rare auspicious day in the eyes of the ancients. The autumnal equinox on August 15 is the day and society, written by Liu Xuan of the Song Dynasty, describes such a day: "the autumnal equinox is the moon and a half, looking at the soul and returning to the night. It is rare to have a good time together, but still bring good luck and good luck together. High buildings are connected with divination night, and turbid wine is used to cure deafness. Note: if you want to ride on the cha guest, how can you beat the earth Weng." People drink all night on this day because they think that social drinking can cure deafness. Besides drinking, people also play games.

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