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In ancient times, it was traditional to prepare winter clothes and send cold clothes

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

in China, the beginning of winter is generally regarded as the beginning of winter. Since then, the weather is getting colder and colder. People should pay attention to adding clothes and quilts in time. In ancient times, when the beginning of winter came, people began to prepare clothes for the winter, not only for the living, but also for the dead ancestors and send things to their ancestors for the winter. Then today's old yellow calendar will introduce you to the ancient tradition of beginning winter: preparing winter clothes and sending cold clothes.

立冬传统:备冬衣送寒衣

the living prepare winter clothes at the beginning of winter. Although it is not very cold, people begin to prepare winter clothes. In ancient times, the emperor began to wear fur coats from the beginning of winter, and sometimes gave them to ministers. According to the records of Lv's spring and Autumn Festival and Meng Dong: "it's the moon that starts winter. First, the thirsty son of Taishi said, 'one day, winter begins, and virtue is in the water.' the son of heaven is fasting. On the day of winter, the son of heaven personally led three gongjiu officials to welcome winter in the northern suburbs. In return, he is to reward death and sympathize with orphans and widows."

Gao Yinzhu: "Those who died in the past will be rewarded for their descendants, while those who were lonely and widowed will be spared." that is to say, in the beginning of winter, the emperor will greatly reward them to be regarded by the society, and will compensate the orphans and widows, that is, to commend and compensate the martyrs who died for the country and their families.

Jin Cui Bao's ancient and modern notes said: "Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty bestowed on the palace attendants and officials to wear coats in winter." also, "the big hat is a wild suit of rock history, and Emperor Wen of the Wei Dynasty ordered all officials to wear it in winter. It is called the warm hat." the ancient and modern notes of China said: "Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty bestowed on the palace attendants and officials to wear coats in winter, mostly with five-color embroidered Luo or brocade."

Of course, the above treatment is only available to officials of the imperial court. Ordinary people don't have such conditions, but it's not difficult for people. As long as they take off their jackets, stuff a thick layer of cotton inside, wipe it flat, and sew it with a long needle, it's as warm as

and

On the day of sending cold clothes to the dead, people not only prepare clothes for themselves for the winter, but also for their ancestors living in the underworld. Every year, the first day of October in the lunar calendar is also the traditional cold clothes festival among the people. The ancients took October as Meng winter, and the first day of October in the lunar calendar is the first day of the cold winter season. Therefore, the living people's warm clothes think of the cold protection needs of the dead, Send cold clothes immediately.

it is said in the ancient book "a brief introduction to the scenery of the imperial capital" that there was a special paper workshop in ancient times, which used colorful paper to cut clothes that were more than one foot long and different from men and women. Each family bought them back, burned them at the door, said in their mouth, and asked their ancestors to take them. This is called sending cold clothes.

When delivering cold clothes, all clothes, banknotes and other things given to the dead must be burned. Only when they are burned cleanly can these Yang paper be transformed into silk, satin, cloth, house clothes, gold, silver and copper money in the underworld. As long as one point is not burned, all previous efforts will be wasted and dead people can't use them. Therefore, it is necessary to burn cold clothes on October 1. Although this action is However, it seems funny, but it also reflects the grief and respect of the living for the dead, which belongs to a kind of spiritual sustenance.

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