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In the beginning of winter in the Qing Dynasty, the traditional Manchu and Han eight banners burned incense and worshipped their ancestors

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

in ancient Chinese society, the beginning of winter is a very important festival in a year. At this time, there are many folk customs, let alone feudal nobles full of red tape. Then today's old yellow calendar will introduce you to the tradition of the beginning of winter in the Qing Dynasty: incense burning and ancestor worship activities of the eight banners of the Manchu and the eight banners of the Han army.

清代立冬传统

in the beginning of winter, autumn grain is put into storage. People of the eight banners of the Manchu and the eight banners of the Han Army in the Qing Dynasty will grandly hold incense burning and ancestor worship activities. The sacrifice of the eight banners of the Han Dynasty is called "burning flag incense and jumping Tiger God", and the eight banners of the man Dynasty are called "burning meat incense", which has its own characteristics.

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the ancestor worship ceremony of "burning flag, incense and jumping Tiger God" in the eight banners of the Han Dynasty is very lively, including singing, reading, doing and playing. In particular, the Tiger God is dressed up lifelike, rolling and jumping, and even rolling and jumping on the ridge of the house. Some are also barefoot, wearing a layer of cloth tiger claws, running and jumping up the ridge of the house with a knife (that is, tying a guillotine layer by layer on a high ladder). Such a spectacular scene attracted people from all over the world to watch. People clapped their hands and praised all kinds of unique skills such as swinging waist bells, holding water bowls, playing drums and so on.

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in addition, people can also see all kinds of tumbling and jumping of overlord whip, carp lying lotus, a flower stick playing on the palm, back of hand, left shoulder, right shoulder, left knee and right knee, Erlang Danshan, kicking flower stick, shaft roller hair rolling on the spot, standing on all sides and lying on all sides. This stick plays a variety of tricks, which is also called flower stick. Generally, the three drum craftsman can play 39 knots, and the fierce craftsman can play 50-60 knots. The "meat burning incense" of

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full of eight banners is solemn and solemn according to the original rules of Shamanism, which generally lasts for 5-7 days. The whole family ate fast for ten days in a row and didn't eat meat. In the first three days of sacrificing ancestors and burning incense, the housewife personally operated it. She didn't wipe the fat powder or even the snow cream. She didn't wash her face with soap and even pig pancreas. She only washed her face with hot water and washed her hands with facial soda. Other women's family members followed suit. When

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are panning yellow rice, they kneel on the ground. Canli (between brothers' wives) also kneel on their knees, and then pass it to the younger daughter-in-law. They are sent to the top of "Hashi" (warehouse) and dried in the sun. After panning yellow rice twice, they are put into a small pot and tied the mouth of the pot with thin sheep skin. Rich people can put it into two jars to make rice wine, also known as "sugar yellow rice wine".

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and "sugar and yellow rice wine" have to be opened on the day of offering. The incense owner will make wine and bottle it, pour 9 bowls or 9 cups, and then offer 9 plates (cakes made of brown rice noodles) in sequence. The offering is complete. Open the lotus fragrance dish. The lotus fragrance dish is made of wood. There is a incense slot in the middle to filter Dazi incense powder (Manchu name an Suxiang, Manchu native name YINGSHANHONG).

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fragrant powder is the fragrant powder made by drying and grinding the young leaves or shoot tips of Dazi fragrant flower (Rhododendron). The bottom of the slot is padded with incense ash. The incense can't burn the wooden plate, so it can prevent fire. You can burn it for at least one night and add incense frequently. As a result, cigarettes are constantly swirling and fragrant.

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are full of eight banners, and "meat burning incense" has to kill three pigs. The first pig worships heaven, the second pig worships ancestors, and the third pig worships "crooked pear mother". Manchu slaughtered pigs without holding a knife in their right hand since ancient times. In the early years, oak cutting was cut into a sharp point and fried in an oil pan. It was extremely sharp and was used to kill pigs. Later, due to the poor technology of slaughtering pigs with cuttings, Manchu people slaughtered by "Shaman" with a sharp knife in their left hand.

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when slaughtering pigs, first pour a cup of wine into the pig's ears. As soon as the pig's ears flutter, it indicates that the ancestors have received the pig. This pig must be a boar "rub" son, commonly known as "net". If the pig's ears don't move, "Shaman" is worried. He kneels down on his knees and reads Manchu prayers with his hands together. The incense Lord leads the whole family to kowtow until the pig's ears shake and the ancestors take the animals, which makes everyone happy.

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are full of eight banners, and ordinary farmers can only organize a "meat burning incense" votive incense in 3-5 years. There are many "burning Taiping incense" almost once a year. Most of them do not kill pigs but replace them with chickens. 21 chickens are slaughtered by medium-sized farmers and 7 chickens are slaughtered by ordinary farmers. This is called "burning vegetarian incense".

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