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How to deal with frostbite in cold days

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

since the winter solstice every year, people enter the number nine cold days. During the number nine period, the weather is getting colder and colder, and the invasion of strong cold air has become normal. At this time, especially in the northern region, if you don't do a good job in cold prevention and warmth preservation, it is also possible to be frostbitten. Let the old yellow calendar introduce to you how to deal with frostbitten in the number nine cold days.

数九寒天

it's nine cold days and the climate is very cold. If the warmth is not enough, frostbite is likely to occur. Health experts remind that when you go out in extremely cold weather, you should pay attention to keeping warm. You can carry out simple self-help for mild frostbite. If the frostbite is serious, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. How to deal with

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frostbite patients should first leave the low-temperature site and frozen objects quickly and move them indoors. If the clothes are frozen with the human body, melt them with warm water and then gently take off the clothes. Keep the frostbitten part clean and coated with frostbitten cream. Remember that the frostbitten part cannot be soaked in hot water or baked over fire. It is best to cover the patient with clothes and blankets for thermal insulation.

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can be soaked in warm water (38 ℃ - 42 ℃). Note that the water temperature should not exceed 45 ℃, and the soaking time should not exceed 20 minutes. Then massage locally with a towel or soft dry cloth, soak the affected area in boiling water with pepper or pepper straw, or wipe the part with ginger. It also has therapeutic effect. If the affected part of

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is broken and infected, go to the hospital in time, suck out the liquid in the blister, apply frostbite ointment and camphor ointment, keep warm and wrap up, and apply antibiotics and tetanus antitoxin when necessary. What should we pay attention to after frostbite? 1. Get out of the cold environment as soon as possible. After entering the warm environment, quickly take off cold, wet or tight clothes, shoes and socks, and cover with a quilt for heat preservation. 2. Rapid rewarming is the key. The method is to soak in constant temperature hot water at 40 ℃ - 42 ℃, and the body temperature can quickly return to normal within 15-30 minutes. The judgment standard is that the skin is flushed and the limbs feel warm, which can be stopped.

it should be noted that the soaking time should not be too long and the water temperature should not be too high. During rewarming, gently massage the limbs, but do not massage too sharply to avoid skin ulceration. At the same time, sharp heating will affect the treatment effect.

how to prevent frostbite and low temperature injury 1. Personnel working in cold environment should pay attention to cold and humidity prevention. 2. Wear warm clothes, avoid ventilation, reduce body surface exposure, and properly apply grease on exposed parts. 3. Keep clothes, shoes and socks dry and replace them in time after getting wet. 4. Avoid standing for a long time or standing still in cold environment. 5. Adaptability training shall be carried out before entering alpine areas. After entering the alpine area, you can eat high calorie food.

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experts have particularly indicated that patients with diabetes and poor circulation of blood in their legs are sensitive to skin and cold. They are more likely to frostbite in cold weather.

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