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On October 23, 2017, the frost has fallen to the point where we must stop cold

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

is the last solar term in autumn. At this time, the sun is at 210 ° of the Yellow meridian. The weather is colder and autumn dew condenses. People begin to prepare winter clothes to keep warm and avoid cold. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you to the frost term coming on October 23, 2017.

2017年10月23日:霜降

at 13:26 on October 23, 2017, people will enter the annual frost term. Frost is the transitional season from autumn to winter. It means that the weather is getting colder and the first frost appears. The temperature is colder than the cold dew, and the dew on the surface condenses into frost. According to the collection of the seventy-two seasons of the lunar calendar, "when frost falls, in the middle of September, the Qi is solemn and condensed, and the dew is condensed into frost." according to the 24 solar terms, "when the Qi is solemn and the frost falls, the Yin begins to condense."

the ancients divided frost fall into three seasons: first, jackals are sacrificed to animals; Second, wait for plants to fall; Three times, the stinger is salty. At this time, the jackals began to catch a large number of prey for the winter, and arranged their hunts in rows, just like offering sacrifices; The leaves on the earth wither and fall; Insects also all hide in the cave, do not move or eat, lie prone and begin to hibernate.

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after the frost, the temperature continues to drop, which is the so-called "frost kills all grass", and the frosted vegetation withers rapidly. Therefore, although there are still "thousands of mountains are red", it is more the decline of thousands of forests. For example, Qu Yuan lamented in Chu Ci: "he Fangcao died early, and the slight frost came down to give up." Bai Juyi also said in his poem: "peaches and plums withered at the same night with thorns."

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the leaves of the trees flew away, and the shadows of the trees were rusty, so that "the frost fell on the trees in Jingmen River"; The yellow leaves appoint the land, and the autumn mountains are empty. What we see is "the frost falls on the autumn mountains, and the yellow leaves are deep". It can be seen that the vegetation withered and covered at this time is not comparable to the cold dew season, and the whole world seems to be empty overnight. Therefore, Liu Yongcai, a poet in the early Song Dynasty, would sing a sad poem at this time: "the wind is getting colder and tighter, the river is closed, and the afterglow is the building. It is a place of red decline and green decline, and the things are in full bloom".

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Zuo Taichong wrote in Wu Du Fu: "when the dew comes, the frost will be removed by the sun and the moon. The vegetation festival will be relieved, and the birds and animals will hide their skin." when the cold dew passes and the frost comes, the leaves and branches of the plants will wither and fall off. The birds and animals will take advantage of the autumn food to eat fat and reserve energy for the severe cold and hunger in winter.

human beings are also making final preparations for the arrival of winter. "At this time, the cold forces the clothes to be light, and the residual frost on the moon is more empty and bright." the sudden drop in temperature makes people obviously feel that their clothes are thin, so the first thing people should do is to prepare winter clothes to keep warm and avoid cold.

in addition, the cold end of autumn is still the last moment of autumn harvest for workers. As the saying goes, "when the frost falls, the grain is full." in most parts of northern China, the autumn harvest has been finished. Even the cold resistant green onions have been harvested, because "the frost can't afford the green onions, the longer they grow, the more empty they will be"; In the south, however, it is still the busy season of "three autumn". In addition to harvesting single season hybrid rice, late rice and picking cotton, farmers must also be busy planting early stubble wheat and rape.

in this cold season, poets who care about the suffering of people's livelihood often express sympathy and sympathy for workers. For example, Qian Qi, a poet of the middle Tang Dynasty, described the scene of frost falling on the busy farming in his book "viewing the village and grazing the mountain fields": "the six houses are not profitable, and agriculture, rural areas and farmers compete for work. The poor lack well taxes, and the soil is reclaimed. The grain enters the cold clouds, and the vast half of the mountain is covered. In autumn, rain accumulates, and frost falls. Zhongtian gathers Li, which reflects the empty village. Those who are ashamed of not farming, Wei Lu and Wei He." In a way of observing and sympathizing with the plight of farmers, he described the life picture of poor farmers who had to work in the rain and frost in order to make a living and cope with taxes. He sent a message to officials, hoping that they could share weal and woe with the people.

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are also like Ding Baozhen's poem "seeing from the book of returning Chengdu to Dujiangyan in Ziguan county" at the end of the Qing Dynasty: "I asked the people in the field, Hu is driving away day by day. I replied that the frost has fallen more than, sowing grain and planting beans. Time can't stay, and man should ask for speed. Although it's enough to live comfortably, my wife can take care of the livestock. We work all the year round, and autumn is a blessing. I heard that the language is not over, and my selfishness is like a rotating shaft. If I work so hard, I'm afraid of lack of porridge. If I miss the citizens of that city, I'll be full of millet."

The poet thought that this time of year should be the year when the work is completed and there is no farming, but this is far from the case. The fields are full of lively scenes of farmers' farming. In order to make a living, farmers rarely rest all year round, which is difficult for urban residents who "sit in Taicang millet" to imagine.

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