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Suzhou people pay attention to the winter solstice

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

Suzhou was the capital of the state of Wu in ancient times. Taber, the first generation monarch of the state of Wu, was the descendant of King Tai of Zhou. After founding the state of Wu, he inherited the calendar of the Zhou Dynasty and took the annual winter solstice as new year's day. It can be said that the winter solstice in Suzhou is one of the oldest festivals in history. In the long years, Suzhou people have formed a lot of stress on celebrating the winter solstice, Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you.


to celebrate the winter solstice, Suzhou people always sacrifice heaven and earth and ancestors first, commonly known as "Festival". The time is generally arranged on the eve of the winter solstice, which is called "winter solstice night" by Suzhou people, or at noon on the first day of the winter solstice. Every winter solstice night, every family should hang the statue of happiness (i.e. the portrait of ancestors) to worship their ancestors; The younger generation has to wear new clothes to pay homage to the elders, known as "Festival", "winter" and "winter worship". All etiquette is the same as that of the new year.


at that time, ancestor worship was the most solemn, and the sacrifice lasted for two or three hours. All families have to go home and offer sacrifices to their ancestors with rich dishes. Old Suzhou calls it "Festival". After the dishes offered to their ancestors are hot again, they can put them on the table for the whole family to enjoy, which is called "reunion banquet". Married women must go back to their mother-in-law's house for winter solstice dinner. If they stay in their mother's house, they will be poor to "ten rice baskets and nine empty".


however, with the passage of time, the sacrificial ceremony of the winter solstice has gradually faded out of the sight of Suzhou people. In addition, winter solstice customs such as worshipping winter and wearing new clothes have also faded.


eat. In the old days, Suzhou people had a saying about the winter solstice night, which was called "you have to eat for one night, well, you don't eat for one night." its ridicule meant that rich people eat for one night, while poor people can only freeze for one night. So on this day, we Suzhou people will have a big meal. Until today, before the winter solstice, people in Suzhou often give food, carry baskets and eaves boxes, and fill the roads, known as the "winter solstice plate".


the reunion dinner of Suzhou people on the winter solstice will be especially rich. Rich people will have at least eight pots and one hot pot, plus whole chicken, whole duck, big herring, and braised hoof bladder. All kinds of dishes have auspicious names. Egg dumplings are called "Yuanbao", meat balls are called "Reunion", thread powder is called "golden chain bar", chicken is called "Pu Puteng", fish is called "more than enough to eat", soybean sprouts are called "Ruyi dish", and green vegetables are called "Anle dish", just like the custom of new year's Eve dinner. Put soybeans in the rice, which is called "Yuanbao rice". Put two hot water chestnuts in the rice bowl in advance and clip them out during dinner, which is called "digging Yuanbao".


tonics. Suzhou people also take the winter solstice festival as the starting gun for tonics. "Tonics in the winter solstice and tigers in the spring." Suzhou people make medicinal meals and tonics by virtue of the common saying "tonics are better than food". At this time, Suzhou people only love mutton. They think mutton is warm and hot, which can promote blood circulation and enhance cold resistance.

but mutton is not suitable for everyone. Those who have fever, toothache, lung heat, sore mouth and tongue, cough and spit yellow phlegm and other symptoms of fire should not eat mutton.

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