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What does Hunan winter solstice eat

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

winter solstice, also known as yiyangsheng, is an important solar term in the Chinese lunar calendar. As we all know, Hunan is very spicy, so in the coldest winter of the year, Hunan people have their own unique food culture. This issue of the winter solstice solar terms, talk about what to eat in Hunan winter solstice.


winter solstice meat during the winter solstice, Hunan people will kill chickens and pigs and dry the meat in the shade, which is called winter solstice meat. As the saying goes, "eat meat from winter to winter, and the body competes with the calf". Changsha urban and rural residents are used to making cured fish and bacon before and after the winter solstice. The fish is salted for four or five days, hung in the wind to dry, and then smoked with sawdust, grain husk, orange peel and peanut shell, or hung on a firewood stove to make it golden red. It is called "winter cured meat", which can be stored until the next summer.


Babao glutinous rice. In Zhuzhou, Changsha, Hunan and other places, the custom of the winter solstice is to eat Babao glutinous rice or glutinous rice cake. Choose glutinous rice, longan meat (longan meat), red dates, lotus seeds, Chinese wolfberry, walnut kernel, pine nuts, yam and rock sugar. Mix the ingredients and steam them with glutinous rice. You can also sprinkle with sweet juice boiled with milk or soybean milk and snow fungus.

Tangyuan eating Tangyuan not only means that the sun gradually comes back, but also means reunion. Hunan people like to eat glutinous rice balls at the winter solstice, which is called Tian Sui. The family sits around the brazier and eats glutinous rice balls, nagging about the past, and the warm feeling will rise in the heat of glutinous rice balls.

wonton has its special connotation because the winter solstice was once the first agricultural solar term. It is called "sub year old" in history, and "winter solstice is as big as year" in Changsha. The day before the winter solstice is called "Xiaozhi". On the night of Xiaozhi, there was an old family reunion dinner, which was called "Erji night" or "Dongji"; Some dinner parties eat wonton. Wonton is homonymous with "chaos", which means that the winter solstice is an epoch-making anniversary. It is said that "chaos begins and heaven and earth begin to lay a foundation".


winter solstice wine. The winter solstice is also known as "winter festival". There was an old custom of gathering people to worship their ancestors in ancestral temples in Changsha. At that time, pigs and sheep will be slaughtered and "winter solstice wine" will be held. When the sacrificial ceremony is held, the elderly do not hesitate to travel all the way back to their hometown to worship their ancestors in the ancestral temple. Eating winter solstice wine can only be attended by men because men are superior to women. Women can't sit at the table. The married woman went back to her mother's house every day and had to go back to her mother-in-law's house at night. On this day, families also have the custom of eating glutinous rice, which is said to moisten the skin and prevent freezing cracks of hands and feet.


cat milk make moldy tofu on the winter solstice, commonly known as "cat milk", which is one of the local specialties of Changsha. Fermented bean curd is called "cat milk" in many dialects in Hunan. Because "rot" and "tiger" are homonymous in Hunan Chinese dialects, people taboo talking about fierce animals, and cats are very similar to tigers, so it is called "cat milk", reflecting a kind of psychology of seeking good luck and avoiding evil.


pick winter mulberry leaves. On the winter solstice, some rural areas around Changsha also pick dry winter mulberry leaves with "large and fat leaves and no damage to yellow and orange" as medicine. They believe that the winter mulberry leaves picked on the winter solstice have better properties (generally in late autumn and early winter), which is very effective in treating wind heat and dry cough. Even boil winter mulberry leaves with water.


brew winter solstice wine. People think that before the winter solstice, the water temperature is too warm, and the wine is easy to be sour or acidic; After the winter solstice, water is cold. On the winter solstice alone, the water taste is the best, and the wine taste is the most mellow. It has the purpose of returning sweetness, and the strength is also sufficient. In the past, the wine making technology was underdeveloped. People consciously or unconsciously maintained a belief in such a big festival as the winter solstice. However, the winter solstice weather is cold after all. It is said that it is difficult to make wine and fermentation at this time.

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