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Hainan winter solstice tomb sweeping busy

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

as early as the Zhou Dynasty, the winter solstice festival was the time for the royal family to worship heaven. On this day, the emperor went to the suburbs to worship heaven and ancestors, praying that there would be no disease in the country and no famine in the harvest; On this day, ordinary people worship their dead parents and express their grief. Although tomb sweeping was officially promoted after the Tang Dynasty, the custom of tomb sweeping in the winter solstice is still popular today. Now in some areas of southern China, tomb sweeping is still necessary in the winter solstice. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you to the tomb sweeping custom of Hainan winter solstice.

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, 冬至扫墓,

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the Chinese people pay attention to being cautious in the end and pursuing the far. There have been numerous sacrificial activities corresponding to this concept. Just say the winter solstice, there have been sacrificial activities since the Zhou Dynasty. "Zhou Lichun official · Shenshi": "the winter solstice is the day to worship heaven and ancestors. On this day, the emperor will hold a grand ceremony to worship heaven in the suburbs, in order to pray for and eliminate the epidemic in the country and reduce the famine and people's hunger and death; On this day, people will worship their parents and elders.

the winter solstice has entered the middle of winter. The crops have been collected, and people will have a rest after a busy year. So I thought of the tombs of my ancestors, whether foxes and rabbits pierced holes, and whether they would collapse due to the rainy season, so I had to go and see for myself. On the one hand, maintain graves, add soil and weed; On the other hand, offering sacrifices, burning some paper money and holding a simple sacrificial ceremony to express the memory of the dead. This custom flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties, with equal emphasis on the winter solstice and the beginning of the year.

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in the Tokyo dreamland by Meng Yuanlao of the Southern Song Dynasty: "the winter solstice in November is the most important festival in the capital. Although the poor accumulate fake loans within a year, it is easier to wear new clothes, prepare meals and worship our ancestors. Officials release customs to celebrate exchanges, just like the New Year Festival." in the Wei, Jin and Six Dynasties, the winter solstice was called "ya sui"; "The winter solstice is as big as a year" and

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in the traditional Chinese theory of yin and Yang and five elements, the winter solstice is the key solar term for the transformation of yin and Yang. People believe that the winter solstice is a natural transformation of yin and Yang and a blessing from heaven. It is said in the book of Han Dynasty that "in the winter solstice, the Yang Qi rises, and you have a long way to celebrate." people believe that after the winter solstice, the day is longer and longer, and the Yang Qi rises again, which is not only the beginning of the solar term cycle, but also an auspicious day.

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in the south, tomb sweeping is more common on the winter solstice. So far, this custom is still followed in many places. In Hainan, there is a difference between partial sacrifice and joint sacrifice in tomb sweeping, but they all want to sweep away the shrubs and weeds in the cemetery, put new soil, fill in the Yin characters engraved on the red tombstone, burn incense, light candles, burn paper money, provide Zhen (rice ball), chicken, etc., offer wine and kneel down. The

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families offer sacrifices. The offerings are simpler, including Zhen Zhen (rice ball), wine, pork, whole cooked chicken, etc. they sweep and sacrifice the ancestral tombs jointly provided by several families, and also provide three animals. Offering sacrifices to the ancestral tombs of he nationality is quite grand. There is a set of ritual procedures. There is a master of ceremonies. The representatives of the worshippers should wear robes and gowns. Finally, set off firecrackers. No matter whether the sacrifice is divided or combined, after the sacrifice, we should eat together with our ancestors in front of the tomb.

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cattle herding babies in the north are called "cattle herding babies" in Hainan. In the past few days of tomb sweeping at the winter solstice, these cattle herding babies were festivals. They deliberately drove the cattle to the place where there was a cemetery and waited for them to visit the grave for Zhen Zhen to eat. Grave sweepers often have some cooked pork (streaky pork) cut two fingers wide and salt. When they see these children, they will give each one a treasure and a piece of streaky pork stained with salt. If someone happens to pass by, they will get a share.

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after eating the meat, the cattle herding children spread out happily to find the second goal. You know, the living conditions were bad at that time. People usually ate porridge. Only during the Spring Festival can they eat dry rice and meat.

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