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She people in Fenghuangshan, Guangdong stick winter festival pills on the winter solstice custom

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

is located in Fenghuang Mountain in Chaozhou, Guangdong Province. It is the ancestral home and national birthplace of the She nationality, a nomadic farming nationality in southern China. Up to now, she compatriots still live here. The She nationality in Fenghuangshan has retained some traditional customs with a long history. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce the winter solstice customs of the She nationality in Fenghuangshan, Guangdong.

畲族冬至风俗:贴冬节丸

the custom of celebrating the winter solstice in Fenghuang mountain area has existed since ancient times. In mountainous rural areas, the winter solstice is the end of farming in a year and the beginning of preparations for farming next year. She compatriots in she villages are used to selecting seeds on this day and believe that the seeds selected on this day can strengthen seedlings and harvest.

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in addition, in she villages in Fenghuang mountain area, people over the age of 50 were called birthday, and only those who were born could wear long clothes. In the past, the day of winter solstice was the day when families in the village made new clothes for those who were born. In this sense, the previous winter solstice festival in she village was actually a "day for the elderly" that respected the elderly.

in she villages in Fenghuang mountain area, the most interesting thing about the winter solstice is to eat "winter festival pill". "Dongjie pill" is called "Pan Nen Tsoi" in she language. It is said that eating the "winter festival pill" is a year longer; Eating the "winter festival pill" can make the family happy. The "winter festival pill" is not only used for sacrificing ancestors and eating by the whole family, but also has many interesting customs.

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and "winter festival pill" are pasted in the barn. Southerners take cereals as their staple food. The barn is the place where the harvest fruits are stored and the food source for the family for a year. It is of great significance to the she compatriots living in Fenghuang mountain area. She compatriots take the sticky rice and paste it with "winter festival pill", hoping to make the barn stronger, the harvest fruit will not be lost, and the family can live and work in peace and contentment. Livestock such as

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and "winter festival pill" pasted pig pens, chicken houses, pigs and chickens are important economic sources of she cells and are of great significance in economic life. Paste "winter festival pill" on pig pens and chicken houses to pray for the prosperity of six livestock in the family, abundant income and happy life.

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and "Dongjie pill" pasted cattle. In the backward she village of Fenghuangshan in the past, the farming role of cattle is irreplaceable. Some people even regard cattle as a human life, or as a "family affair", respect and take care of them in every way. There is a saying that "one cow has one human life". Therefore, before or during the busy farming in mountainous areas, the treatment of cattle is no worse than that of people. It is often necessary to use the best feed to ensure that cattle can perform well during busy farming. The status of

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cattle is so high, of course, they should also enjoy the treatment of "winter festival pill". There is a saying that "stick your head up the mountain and stick your tail back to the column". Stick the "winter festival pill" on the cow's head, pray for the cow to be gentle, consciously go up the mountain to look for food, and don't bother to lead the cow up the mountain to support the family. Stick the "winter festival pill" on the ox's tail and pray that the ox can know the time and come back after dark. Don't hurt the breadwinner to look everywhere. Stick the "winter festival pill" on the cow and pray that the cow will be strong and powerful to contribute to the farming of the family.

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and "winter festival pill" are pasted on the door frame of the home to pray for the safety of the whole family and the prosperity and development of the family. In addition, the "winter festival pill" was also pasted on farm tools and door rings for the purpose of praying for peace.

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winter festival pills are pasted on olive trees. Olive is regarded as an auspicious fruit by local people. It is also an important cash crop of She nationality in Fenghuangshan. Of course, it has also been paid attention to. Stick the "winter festival pill" on the olive tree to pray for good weather, fewer pests, more fruits and increased income.

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and "winter festival pill" are pasted with Feng Shui trees. There are big banyan trees in front of and behind each village in Fenghuang mountain area. People regard these big banyan trees as Feng Shui trees in the village. Feng Shui tree body is the safety of the village and has a great responsibility. Therefore, it is also worshipped by people. Of course, it also enjoys the treatment of pasting "winter festival pill". When the winter solstice comes, people stick the "winter festival pill" on the Feng Shui tree in the village to pray for the prosperity of the whole village, the prosperity of six livestock and the happiness of their compatriots.

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the local custom of sticking "winter festival pills" on the winter solstice has always continued, even in the era of extreme material tension. Although the stomach is empty, "winter festival pill" should be pasted as much as possible and for a few more days. Wait until the "winter festival pill" pasted is naturally dried, then take it home, soak it, boil it, and then eat it. It can be seen that the custom of "winter festival pill" is deeply rooted in the hearts of she compatriots in Fenghuang mountain area, as well as their persistent national quality.

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