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Winter solstice customs in Shanxi

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

since ancient times, there has been a saying among Chinese people that "the winter solstice is as big as a year". On the arrival of the winter solstice festival, hundreds of officials pay tribute to the temple and the emperor rests his government; Private shops are closed, and students also have a holiday. Today, although people do not celebrate the winter solstice as solemnly as in the past, there are still many unique customs and habits around the winter solstice. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you to the winter solstice customs in Shanxi.

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, 山西各地冬至风俗,

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and "winter solstice". Northern Shanxi is commonly known as "new winter", "He Dong" and "worship winter", and central Shanxi is commonly known as "winter". Although the winter solstice is not as important as in ancient times, the winter solstice is still regarded as one of the important festivals among the people, and customs such as He Dong and worship winter spread.

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according to the records of Guangling County in Shanxi Province, "the winter solstice is celebrated in the morning, just like the new year's Day ceremony." the draft of Zuoyun County records: "the winter solstice is called the Asian year old. Teachers are promoted and festivals are sent. Gentlemen and villagers worship their ancestors. Li Dang, relatives and friends make friends and worship, just like New Year's day."

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"up to now, Yanbei, Datong and other places celebrate the winter solstice day, The son-in-law paid homage to his father-in-law and mother-in-law with heavy worship, while his parents-in-law gave a grand banquet and ate hot pot. In some mountain villages in Northwest Shanxi, it is still popular to entertain teachers on the winter solstice. It is customary to entertain teachers with stewed mutton.

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generally eat dumplings during the winter solstice festival, which is said to be "winter solstice dumplings and summer solstice noodles". It is said that the ancients often lost their ears in the severe winter. The female cochlea kneaded her ears with noodles to make them up. The dumplings looked like ears. Later generations made dumplings on the winter solstice festival. Since then, the ears have never been frozen off. Another saying of

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is that Zhang Zhongjing, a famous ancient doctor, taught people to boil "Quhan Jiaoer Decoction" to treat cold injury during the winter solstice festival. The so-called "Jiaoer" is to chop up mutton and medicinal materials, wrap them with pasta, cook them and eat the soup, resulting in fever all over. "Jiaoer" is shaped like human ears, also known as "Jiaoer", because it needs to be cooked in water, also known as "dumplings" and "dumplings". Jiaocheng, Wenshui and other places in Shanxi pay attention to eating mutton dumplings during the winter solstice. Because mutton is hot, it can warm the stomach and strengthen the spleen. Another custom of

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Winter Solstice Festival is that from this day on, as the beginning of counting nine cold days, it is a period every nine days, and "Jiujiu song" is spread. Due to the different cold degree of the climate, there are many different words in "Jiujiu song". For example, "counting Nine Songs" in southern Shanxi:

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count nineteen in the winter solstice, with both hands hidden in the cuffs; 2918, spicy in the mouth; Thirty nine twenty-seven, see fire kiss like honey; 4936, go out on the ice; Five nine forty-five, and spring cold forty-five; Six nine plus seven nine, don't throw away your cotton padded clothes; Eight, nine, nine, go in the field of cattle. The interesting thing about

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is that they connect counting nine with the performance of various birds, and create the "nine hundred bird song". What is popular among the people in Yuanping City, Shanxi Province is:

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after counting the first nine, the north wind blows, the wild pigeon is covered with ashes, the black chicken has two red legs, and the eagle has a hook mouth; After counting 29, snowflakes float, half females fish eggs and run all over the mountain, stone chickens quack on the slope, and pheasants fly down the village bridge; After counting, it was coldest in 39 days. The magpie tree was a hero, and the sparrows in the grass house became a group. No one pitied the cold bugle; After counting, the ice in 49 is the thickest, the golden carving spreads its wings better than the beast, the gray eyebrow and gray eye pigeon, and the big back left by the woodpecker; After five or nine years, cocks and chickens eat millet, make up bats, fly at night, and owls call as ghosts; After six or nine days of spring, cranes catch birds and meet eagles. The star point corolla is Dai Sheng, a bald tail little crane quail; After counting the water flow of the Qijiu River, mandarin ducks are famous for thousands of years. Ducks walk slowly, and white geese have red tumors on their heads; After counting, the weather was fine. Wild geese lined up to pick up the book. The Crystal Palace was stirred by herons and herons, and sand chickens were making noise on the flame mountain; After counting the sunny days of 1999, all the birds dress up in the spring, and the birds sing and dance with music. The Starling's mouth can't pass the pass.

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used to be popular among literate people, such as "Jiujiu Xiaohan table", "Jiujiu Xiaohan map", "Jiujiu Xiaohan sentence", "Jiujiu Xiaohan couplet", and now there is little such elegance. However, in rural areas, there are many proverbs, such as: "there is no wind for nine days, people don't rain in dog days", "there is wind in 1999, there is rain on the head", "there is more snow in Jiuli, and there is more rain in Voli", etc. to predict the climate and harvest in the coming year. On the winter solstice festival of

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, Shanxi people have the custom of giving shoes and socks. One is that the daughter-in-law offers shoes and socks to her father-in-law and mother-in-law, the other is that the uncle gives hats to her nephew and the aunt gives shoes to her sister-in-law. It is said that "wear aunt shoes and uncle hat". In the past, the shoes and hats given as gifts were carefully embroidered by women. Now they are mostly purchased from the market and rarely made by themselves.

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