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Winter solstice customs in Foshan, Guangdong

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

is the so-called "winter solstice with one Yang". The ancients in China believed that the winter solstice was the prelude to the emergence of Yang, the repetition of one yuan and the renewal of everything. They celebrated it as an important festival and solar term. Up to now, the festival custom with a long history is still retained among the people all over the country. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you to the winter solstice customs in Foshan, Guangdong.


the winter solstice festival is coming. The common folk custom in Foshan is to "worship ancestors" and worship ancestors, which is called "Winter Sacrifice". On this day, every family must eat chicken, and prepare roast meat, song cake, orange, apple, etc. at the same time, take its good intention of "growing fiercely, red skin red and strong, high hair, gold and silver all over the house, peace and security". In addition to worshipping ancestors, there is also a custom of eating the winter solstice meal among the people. Worshipping ancestors has eaten the winter solstice meal for the whole family.

the custom of "Winter Sacrifice" in Pingdi village, Yanbu Town, Dali Town, Nanhai District is very representative: the people surnamed Huang in Pingdi village had the custom of Winter Sacrifice in the late Song Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty. The existing Huang clan ancestral temple in Pingdi village was built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, honoring the Grand Duke - Duke Dezheng. The annual winter sacrifice is held here.


ancestor worship ceremonies are presided over by the elders with the highest age and seniority. After three gongs, men over the age of 60, wearing traditional long shirts and Mandarin coats, entered the ancestral hall in turn according to their generations, and selected several boys with complete grandparents, parents and brothers and sisters, known as "carrying children", who entered the ancestral hall with their elders for sacrifice. The participants of


all looked solemn and paid tribute to their ancestors. They paid three rounds of tea and wine. After reading the sacrifice, they made three kneeling and nine kowtowing ceremonies. After the sacrificial ceremony, there is a feast to eat the winter sacrificial rice. As a common practice, the winter sacrificial rice is prepared with the dishes of "three buckles, three hardness and three frying", which is called "nine big dishes". After dinner, the Huang people received "Taigong pork" at the gate of the ancestral hall. According to the common practice, Huang's male people can get one, and two over the age of 70. The elderly over the age of 90 can take as much as they want as long as they can move. After the founding of


, the Winter Sacrifice custom in Pingdi village stopped for decades, and then began to recover in 2005, and changed with the progress of the times. In the past, only men were allowed to enter the temple for sacrifice, and only men could receive Taigong pork. Today, women, like men, can enter ancestral halls to participate in worship. During the winter festival in 2007, people wore traditional national costumes, short and long clothes, and solemnly entered the ancestral temple for worship. Nearly 1000 people attended the ancestral ceremony, and the banquet was very grand.


in addition, there are some special customs in Foshan during the winter solstice. For example, the custom of "fish in the winter solstice give birth to dogs in the summer solstice" has spread among the food customs. The custom of eating fish at the winter solstice was formed as early as the Qing Dynasty. Qu Dajun's poem said that "when two butterflies eat like a stream, fish at the winter solstice is better than autumn".

Shunde District, Foshan has a long history of folk custom of "making side Furnaces" during the winter solstice. "In the winter solstice, the ancestors are worshipped and the Yan (banquet) clan. When the wind is cold, the guests are cooked with fish, meat, clams and vegetables around the tripod, which is called the 'side stove'." therefore, "beating the side stove" has become a folk eating custom in Shunde for the winter solstice festival.

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