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Winter solstice customs in Shandong

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

December 22 is the winter solstice solar term in China. There are many customs on this day. Some places have to worship their ancestors and sweep their tombs, some married daughters go back to their mother's house on this day, and others have to eat festive food, such as mutton, dumplings and so on. Then let the old yellow calendar introduce you to the winter solstice customs in Shandong.

山东各地冬至习俗

Shandong folk customs about the winter solstice are rich in content and in various forms. On the arrival of the winter solstice festival, a considerable part of Shandong will eat dumplings or wonton, and some will drink. It is said that drinking is to warm up the body, and eating dumplings is afraid of freezing off the ears, because "Jiaoer" is homonymous with "glue ears". In some areas of Shandong, it is common for students to worship teachers and younger generations to worship their elders, and farmers have the custom of worshipping their ancestors.

there is the custom of "steaming winter" in Linyi, Zoucheng, Xintai and other places. Linyi steamed Wotou with cereals and flour and Zoucheng steamed pastry. It is said that steaming winter is to pray for the wind when it rises in the coming year. The ballad says: "steam winter, steam winter, there is wind in the field". In ancient times, steaming winter was to celebrate the Yang solstice. After the winter solstice, Yang was born, just as Du Fu wrote in his poem "Yang was born at the winter solstice and spring came again".

in some areas of Shandong, people use glutinous rice flour to make rice balls, which are called Tuan Yuanzi or winter solstice, that is, "Tangyuan", to symbolize reunion. Pastry and steamed Wotou are actually the evolution of Tuan Yuanzi.

in ancient Jinan, Jiyang and other places, the government celebrated the winter solstice like the Spring Festival, and readers also presented greeting cards to each other. The literati and bureaucrats in Ju county held a reception called "cold elimination meeting" and drew "cold elimination map". Zou Cheng drew a picture of 99. At the same time, relatives and friends gave each other cold protection appliances. Farm children played games of "taking strongholds" and "playing tiles". Teenagers began to learn martial arts, called "watching winter", but they didn't have the habit of paying homage. It is said that Mencius died on the winter solstice. The villagers were very sad, so the ceremony to celebrate the winter solstice was abolished.

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people in Linyi believe that the winter solstice is a day to send cold clothes and secure houses for * people. Every household cuts clothes with fire paper, burns them in front of the tomb, and then adds soil. Ju county worships its ancestors in ancestral halls, and the ceremony is very grand.

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are the old customs of Laoshan. The winter solstice is divided into two days. The first day is called "ghost winter", offering sacrifices to ancestors and eating dumplings; The next day is called "human winter".

women in Linyi, Licheng, Linqu and other places are used to returning to their mother's house. Qingyun and Wudi began to pit vegetables from this day, and women began to do sewing. Women in Qufu made cloth shoes before the festival and presented them to their aunts on the winter solstice. Zoucheng began to build cellars, weave mats and spin threads.

Rizhao folklore if the clouds welcome the sunrise and sunset on the winter solstice, it will be a good year in the coming year. Jimo people predict the cold and warm of that winter according to the date of the winter solstice at the beginning, middle or late of the month. The folk song says: "the cow is frozen to death in winter, the middle is warm in winter, and the ghost is frozen at the end in winter." Yanzhou City has built a flint stove at the winter solstice to pray for longevity.

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