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The beginning of spring in the classics of ancient Chinese Dynasties

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

in modern times, the beginning of spring does not seem to be a very important thing, but in ancient times, agricultural production was a top priority in China. The beginning of spring is the beginning of a year's cultivation, and its quality affects a year's harvest. Therefore, in ancient times, the beginning of spring was a very important solar term. Do you know the records about the beginning of spring in ancient dynasties? Let's go to the old yellow calendar and have a look!


in the book of rites · monthly order: "on the day of spring, the son of heaven personally commands three princes and nine princes and doctors to welcome spring in the eastern suburbs. On the contrary, reward Gongqing doctors in the dynasty." the spring welcoming ceremony held in spring is an important agricultural ceremony. From the Eastern Han Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty, this etiquette lasted nearly two thousand years. From official etiquette and customs to folk customs, the provisions of color are of great significance.


in the Eastern Han Dynasty, the theory of five elements had a wide influence. At that time, people went to the east of the city to celebrate the Spring Festival, mainly offering sacrifices to the Qing emperor. "All the officials in the capital are dressed in blue, and all the officials of counties and counties are dressed in green when they go down to fight for food." (later Han Dynasty etiquette annals), the vehicles and horses are also green, and "green flags" are also needed. Shi Tu Niu and Geng people are also green.


some sacrifices held in the beginning of spring in the Tang and Song dynasties are still held, such as sacrifices to mountains, rivers and seas. "History of the Song Dynasty · records of Rites" states: "the five suburbs welcome the gas day and offer sacrifices to the mountains, towns, seas and blasphemies..." "at the beginning of spring, the Daishan mountain in the East is worshipped in Yanzhou, the Yishan mountain in the east town is worshipped in Yizhou, the East China Sea is worshipped in Laizhou, and the huaizhou is worshipped in tangzhou."

before the beginning of spring, the Taishi academy should announce the date of the beginning of spring in advance, and inform Wanping county or Daxing County to prepare mang God and spring cattle. Three days before the beginning of spring, the Imperial Academy of history and the Department of agriculture invited officials such as Zai Fu of the Chinese Communist Party province to greet Tai Sui at the Duqi political building.


according to the "analysis of the lost records of Tianjin · customs", on the morning of the beginning of spring, "the principal official of Si Nong guarding the land led the officials of chixian county to worship the officials in public clothes, beat the cattle three turns with a colored stick and retreat. The local official ambassador sent Gou mang to worship." the Ministry of household of Zhongshu province wanted to bring spring cattle to the emperor, Prince, empress, kings, Zafu and the central government offices.


spring oxen are exquisitely made. "Niu Zena has a natural tone and sits in a pavilion. The case is decorated with gold, and the colored clothes are taken to sit. It is salted with gold. The golden burden is still covered on it. The colored staff is mixed with gold, and the color knot is two feet." this shows that the spring greeting ceremony and spring entering ceremony are still held in the Yuan Dynasty. Recommended by


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