in ancient China, the twenty-four solar terms are a very important instruction manual for agricultural life. On this day, people will hold various folk activities according to the solar terms. As the supreme ruler of feudalism, ancient emperors will hold corresponding sacrificial activities on this day. Do you know what the spring equinox festival is? Let's go to the old yellow calendar and have a look!
the vernal equinox solar terms begin when the sun reaches 0 degrees of the Yellow meridian (vernal equinox) on March 20 or 21 of the Gregorian calendar and end on April 4 (or 5). On this day, the sun shines directly at the equator, the length of days and nights is almost the same, and it is half of the 90th day in spring, so it is called the "spring equinox". In other words, the phenomenon that night is longer than day in winter is changed, and the weather is getting warmer. All this comes from the sun, the so-called sunshine in the sky. Therefore, sacrificial day is a logical thing and has gradually become a tradition.and
in the Zhou Dynasty, there was a sacrificial ceremony at the spring equinox. According to the book of rites, "worship the sun on the altar." Kong yingdashu: "it means the spring equinox.". This custom has been handed down from generation to generation. According to Ji Sheng when the emperor was old, written by Pan rongbi of the Qing Dynasty, "offering sacrifices to the sun at the spring equinox and to the moon at the autumn equinox is a great ceremony of the country, and scholars and people are not allowed to worship them without authorization." the spring equinox began in the Zhou Dynasty and originated from the worship of the sun god by Chinese ancestors. Xia, Shang and three dynasties all have the tradition of sacrificial day. It is still dark in summer and the sacrificial day is after sunset; Yin is still white, and the sacrificial day is when the red sun is in the sky; Zhou shangchi, the memorial day is at dawn and dusk. According to the book of rites · sacrificial method, "bury a little in Taizhao, and sacrifice at the same time. It is similar to the Kan altar, offering sacrifices to cold and heat. The king's palace, offering sacrifices to the sun." Zheng Xuan's note: "the king's palace, the sun altar." Kong yingdashu: "the king, the king, the palace, and the altar." Guanzi · weigh yourself says: "At the end of winter and the beginning of spring, the son of heaven left his country forty-six miles east and made the altar, dressed in green and green, jade and jade, and led the jade supervisor. The princes, officials and scholars of the Dynasty followed the people and called the festival of worship." since then, the custom of festival of worship on the spring equinox has been handed down.and
Most of the places where ancient emperors worshipped the sun were located in the suburbs of Beijing. In the Yuan Dynasty, there was a altar of the sun. Since then, the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties worshipped the great Ming God (sun) at the altar of the sun on the day of the spring equinox. The sun was set at the Mao carving of the spring equinox. In each year of a, C, e, Geng and Ren, the emperor worshipped in person, and the rest of the years were worshipped by officials.
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