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Winter solstice holiday? Why eat dumplings

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

the winter solstice is a traditional festival and 24 solar terms. During the winter solstice, there is a custom of eating dumplings in the South and dumplings in the north. Is the winter solstice a holiday? Why eat dumplings at the winter solstice? Next, let's follow the old yellow calendar of this issue and have a look!

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winter solstice holiday: no holiday. The winter solstice is not a legal holiday, so the winter solstice is not a holiday. The winter solstice festival originated in the Han Dynasty and flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties. "Qingjialu" even said that "the winter solstice is as big as a year". This shows that the ancients attached great importance to the winter solstice. It is believed that the winter solstice is a natural transformation of yin and Yang and a blessing from heaven,. The Han Dynasty took the winter solstice as the "winter festival", and the government held a congratulatory ceremony called "Hedong", which was a regular holiday. It is recorded in the book of the later Han Dynasty that "before and after the winter solstice, gentlemen settle down and stay calm, and all officials do nothing. They don't listen to politics, choose auspicious days and then save trouble." so on this day, the court will have a holiday and rest, the army will be on standby, the frontier fortress will be closed, business travel will be closed, and relatives and friends will give each other delicious food, visit each other, and happily have a "settle down and stay calm" festival. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, the winter solstice was a day for worshipping heaven and ancestors. On this day, the emperor would go to the suburbs to hold a grand ceremony for worshipping heaven. People would worship their parents and elders on this day. Now there are still some places celebrating the winter solstice.

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why eat dumplings during the winter solstice: in memory of the medical saint, there are different customs during the winter solstice. There are customs of slaughtering sheep, eating dumplings and eating wonton during the winter solstice in the north, while there are customs of eating rice balls and long-term noodles during the winter solstice in the south, People in Northern Jiangsu eat fried tofu with scallions during the winter solstice. Eating dumplings at the winter solstice is also said to not forget the grace of "medical saint" Zhang Zhongjing's "Quhan Jiaoer soup". So far, Nanyang still has a folk song of "improper dumpling bowl at the winter solstice, frozen ears and no one cares". On the winter solstice of the lunar calendar every year, dumplings are an essential holiday meal for both rich and poor. As the saying goes, "on October 1, every household eats dumplings at the winter solstice." this custom is left by Zhang Zhongjing, the "medical saint", who gave up medicine at the winter solstice.

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Zhang Zhongjing is a native of Langdong, Nanyang. His treatise on typhoid and miscellaneous diseases, a collection of great achievements of doctors, has been regarded as a classic by doctors of all dynasties. Zhang Zhongjing has a famous saying: "if you enter, you will save the world; if you retreat, you will save the people; if you can't be a good minister, you should also be a good doctor." in the Eastern Han Dynasty, he was the governor of Changsha, visiting patients, applying medicine and practicing medicine in the lobby. He resolutely resigned and returned home to treat his neighbors. It was winter when he returned home. He saw that the villagers on both sides of the Baihe River were yellow and skinny, hungry and cold, and many people's ears were frozen. He asked his disciples to set up a medical shed and a big pot in Dongguan, Nanyang, and give up "Quhan Jiaoer Decoction" to treat chilblain on the winter solstice. He boiled the mutton and some cold expelling herbs in a pot, then fished out the mutton and medicine, chopped them, made them into ear like "jiao'er" with bread, cooked them, and gave them to each person who came to ask for medicine two "jiao'er" and a large bowl of broth. People ate "jiao'er" and drank "Quhan soup". They were warm, their ears were hot, and their frostbitten ears were cured. Later generations learn the appearance of "jiao'er" and wrap it into food, also known as "dumplings" or "flat food".

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