has different solar terms at different times. In each season, there will be solar terms with different climatic characteristics, time and phenological characteristics, and the beginning of winter is also one of the 24 solar terms. What is the origin of the beginning of winter of the 24 solar terms? How many solar terms is Lidong? Next, let's follow the old yellow calendar of this issue and have a look!
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the origin of the beginning of winter "the collection solution of the seventy-two seasons of the lunar calendar" says: "the beginning is the beginning", and it also says: "winter is the end, and everything is collected." it means that all crops are collected and dried in autumn, stored in storage, and animals have been hidden for hibernation. It seems that the beginning of winter not only represents the coming of winter. To put it completely, the beginning of winter means that everything collects and avoids the cold at the beginning of winter. Tracing back to the source, the ancients' understanding of "Li" is the same as that of modern people, which means to establish and start. However, the word "winter" is not so simple. The explanation of "winter" in the ancient book "collection and interpretation of the seventy-two seasons of the moon" is: "winter is the end, and all things are collected", which means that all crops are collected and dried in autumn, collected and put into storage, and animals have been hidden for hibernation. Therefore, the beginning of winter not only represents the coming of winter. To put it completely, the beginning of winter means that everything collects and avoids the cold at the beginning of winter.,
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and "beginning of winter" are the same as "beginning of autumn". The ancients also used divination methods to see the cold and warm of winter in this season, such as "beginning of winter is sunny, one winter is cold (cold); beginning of winter is cloudy (rainy), one winter is warm (warm winter)". Without exception, in ancient times, on the day of the beginning of winter, the emperor personally led the three gongs and nine Qing officials to the northern suburbs to "welcome the winter". In ancient China, the beginning of winter was divided into three seasons: "first, the water began to ice; second, the ground began to freeze; third, the pheasant's flood was a mirage." this solar term water can become ice; Land also began to freeze; The pheasant in the "pheasant man's flood is a mirage" refers to the big birds such as pheasants, and the mirage is a big clam. After the beginning of winter, the big birds such as pheasants are rare, but the big clams whose shell is similar to the lines and colors of pheasants can be seen by the sea. So the ancients thought that pheasants would become big clams after the beginning of winter.
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Lidong is several solar terms: the 19th Lidong is the 19th of the 24 solar terms of the lunar calendar, and its determination is based on the sun reaching 225 degrees of the Yellow meridian. Lidong is one of the 24 solar terms of the lunar calendar and one of the traditional Chinese festivals; The time point is between November 7 and 8 of the Gregorian calendar, that is, the sun is at 225 ° of the Yellow meridian. At this time, the earth is located at - 16 ° 19 ', and the noon sun height in Beijing is only 33 ° 47'. After the beginning of winter, the sunshine time will continue to shorten and the noon sun height will continue to decrease. Chinese people begin winter with the beginning of winter. During the beginning of winter, there is a food custom that needs tonic to survive the severe winter.and
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