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The weather characteristics of small cold in the twenty-four solar terms the moral of eating Laba porridge

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0
The solar term

Xiaohan is a colder solar term in a year, and the weather changes during Xiaohan are different from those before. What are the weather characteristics of Xiaohan in the twenty-four solar terms? What is the moral of Xiaohan eating Laba porridge? Let's get to know the old yellow calendar together!

二十四节气小寒的天气特点 吃腊八粥的寓意

the weather characteristics of the 24 solar terms mild cold: it is getting colder, but it is not very cold. In the mild cold season, most parts of China have entered a severe cold period, with frozen soil and rivers. In addition, the cold air from the North continues to go south and the weather is cold. People call it "several nine cold days". Although the south of China is not as cold as the north, the temperature has also decreased significantly. The average temperature in Beijing is generally about - 5 ℃ in the light cold, and the extreme minimum temperature is below - 15 ℃; In the north of Northeast China, the average temperature at this time is about - 30 ℃, the extreme minimum temperature can be as low as - 50 ℃, and the average maximum temperature in the afternoon is only - 20 ℃. The average temperature in Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and the northern Tibetan Plateau to the north of 45 ° n is about - 20 ℃, and the average temperature in the west of Hetao near 40 ° n is about - 10 ℃. The average temperature along the Qinling Mountains and Huaihe River is about 0 ℃, there is no seasonal frozen soil to the south of this line, and there is no obvious overwintering period for winter crops. At this time, the average temperature in Jiangnan area is generally around 5 ℃. Although the fields are still full of vitality, sometimes cold air goes south, causing certain harm. When the solar yellow meridian reaches 285 degrees, the solar term of Xiaohan begins. Cold means cold, and slight cold means the degree of cold.

二十四节气小寒的天气特点 吃腊八粥的寓意

what is the meaning of Xiaohan eating Laba porridge: offer a sacrifice to the God of agriculture and wish for a good harvest. In ancient times, on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month, the custom of eating Laba porridge (Laba rice in some places) spread among Chinese people. In Henan, Laba porridge, also known as "everyone's meal", is a festival food custom in memory of the national hero Yue Fei. "Laba porridge in Yanjing's chronicle of the age of 18": "Laba porridge is cooked with yellow rice, white rice, jiangmi, Xiaomi, Lingjiao rice, chestnuts, Hongjiang beans, peeled jujube mud, etc. in boiling water, and dyed with red peach kernel, almond, melon seed, peanut, hazelnut, pine nut, white sugar, brown sugar and suozuo grape for spot dyeing.". Laba porridge, like Laba rice, is a relic of ancient wax sacrifice. According to the book of worship - Jiao tesheng, wax sacrifice is "gathering all things in December and asking for gifts". Laba porridge is a pot of rice with eight kinds of food, which is the meaning of gathering all things and harmonizing thousands of spirits. The history of drinking Laba porridge in China has only been recorded in writing for more than 1000 years. It began in the Song Dynasty at the latest. On Laba day, Laba porridge is made in the imperial court, government, temples and people's homes. In the Ming Dynasty, rice, ginkgo, walnuts and chestnuts were added to cook porridge. In the Qing Dynasty, the custom of drinking Laba porridge was even more popular. At the palace, the emperor, empress, Prince, etc. all gave Laba porridge to the ministers of civil and military affairs and attendants, and distributed rice and fruit to all monasteries for monks to eat. In the folk, every family should also make Laba porridge to sacrifice their ancestors; At the same time, families get together to eat and give gifts to relatives and friends. The famous Lama Temple Laba porridge, in addition to rice, millet and other cereals, also adds diced mutton and cream. The porridge surface is sprinkled with red dates, longan, walnut kernel, raisins, melon seeds, green and red silk, etc.

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