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Which medical scientist is eating dumplings in memory of Zhang Zhongjing at the winter solstice

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

every place has different customs and cultures when the winter solstice comes. So why does it have the custom of eating dumplings when the winter solstice comes in the north? Is this simply because eating dumplings is a popular situation in the north? In fact, this is not the case, because eating dumplings at the winter solstice is to commemorate the contribution of a medical scientist.

冬至吃饺子是为了纪念哪位医学家

why eat dumplings at the winter solstice

China has a vast territory, and the customs in various regions are different. The northern region has the customs of slaughtering sheep, eating dumplings and eating wonton at the winter solstice, while the southern region has the habit of eating rice balls and long-term noodles at the winter solstice on this day, while people in Northern Jiangsu eat fried tofu with green onions at the winter solstice. Eating dumplings at the winter solstice is also said to not forget the grace of "medical saint" Zhang Zhongjing's "Quhan Jiaoer soup". So far, Nanyang still has a folk song of "improper dumpling bowl at the winter solstice, frozen ears and no one cares". On the winter solstice of the lunar calendar every year, dumplings are an essential holiday meal for both rich and poor. As the saying goes, "on October 1, every household eats dumplings at the winter solstice." this custom is left by Zhang Zhongjing, the "medical saint", who gave up medicine at the winter solstice. Zhang Zhongjing is a native of Langdong, Nanyang. His treatise on Febrile and miscellaneous diseases, which is a collection of great achievements of doctors, has been regarded as a classic by doctors of all dynasties. Zhang Zhongjing has a famous saying: "if you enter, you will save the world; if you retreat, you will save the people; if you can't be a good minister, you should also be a good doctor." in the Eastern Han Dynasty, he was the governor of Changsha, visiting patients, applying medicine and practicing medicine in the lobby. He resolutely resigned and returned home to treat his neighbors. It was winter when he returned home. He saw that the villagers on both sides of the Baihe River were yellow and skinny, hungry and cold, and many people's ears were frozen. He asked his disciples to set up a medical shed and a big pot in Dongguan, Nanyang, and give up "Quhan Jiaoer Decoction" to treat chilblain on the winter solstice. He boiled the mutton and some cold expelling herbs in a pot, then fished out the mutton and medicine, chopped them, made them into ear like "jiao'er" with bread, cooked them, and gave them to each person who came to ask for medicine two "jiao'er" and a large bowl of broth. People ate "jiao'er" and drank "Quhan soup". They were warm, their ears were hot, and their frostbitten ears were cured. Later generations learn the appearance of "jiao'er" and wrap it into food, also known as "dumplings" or "flat food", so people eat dumplings on the day of the winter solstice in memory of him.

the origin of the winter solstice legend

the winter solstice solar term has the legend of Nuwa and winter solstice dumplings. It is said that when Pangu opened the world, a woman with a head and snake body was called Nuwa. When she saw a hole in the sky, she filled the sky with refined colorful stones. She used yellow mud to be a man again and kept doing it all year round. On the day of the winter solstice, the climate is cold, and the ears of loess people are always frozen off. She pierced a small hole in the ears of the Loess people, passed through with a line, tied one end, and stuffed the other end into the mouth of the Loess people to let the Loess people bite, so as to ensure that the ears were not frozen off. Later, it evolved into the custom of eating dumplings at the winter solstice. Every winter solstice, people make dumplings in the shape of ears, which means that if the Loess people made by Nuwa bite the ears with thread (stuffing), the ears will not be frozen off.

what are the three seasons of the winter solstice

the three seasons of the winter solstice are divided into one, earthworm knot: it is said that earthworms are creatures with Yin and Yang extending. At this time, although Yang Qi has grown, Yin Qi is still very strong, and earthworms in the soil still curl up. Two seasons of the Golden Horn solution: MI and deer belong to the same family, but the Yin and yang are different. The ancients thought that Mi's horn was born later, so it was Yin. When the winter solstice was born with Yang, MI felt that the Yin Qi gradually retreated and solved the horn. Three seasons of spring movement: the spring in the mountain can flow and warm. This time is the solar term of Xiaohan.

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