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In ancient times, the 24 solar terms were called midsummer, Mencius, summer, autumn and winter

DailyBird Culture 2021-10-09 1 0

has many nicknames for each solar term in ancient China. It is widely used in poetry or articles. You can learn more about it at ordinary times. You can not only easily consult ancient books, but also immediately know which season it refers to. You can also feel the breadth and depth of traditional culture and expand our vocabulary. Here are some relevant examples for reference.

古代24节气雅称 仲春孟夏三秋腊冬

the ancient 24 solar terms were elegantly called

. Because the 24 solar terms were named according to seasonal changes, they were often related to the four seasons. For example, the beginning of spring, also known as spring, the beginning of the year, the Spring Festival and the first month festival, refers to the meaning of spring. To the spring equinox, the spring equinox, also known as the mid spring month, because it is the mid point of 90 days in spring. By analogy, Mengxia is around April of the lunar calendar, which coincides with the beginning of summer or Xiaoman. At this time, the temperature has increased significantly, indicating that the hot summer is coming soon. In ancient times, people attached great importance to farming and divided autumn into three parts, such as autumn harvest, autumn farming and autumn planting. The third autumn is September of the lunar calendar. At this time, it has entered late autumn and belongs to the small tail of the season. Waxy winter is in cold winter, including solar terms such as beginning of winter, light snow, heavy snow, winter solstice, light cold and heavy cold. What are the main origins of

and

?

and

. As early as thousands of years ago, the working people in China used the tugui to measure the sundial and record the length of the annual solar shadow into the calendar. The 24 solar terms are a set that has been circulating for a long time. It divides the annual motion track of the sun into 24 equal parts. Each equal part is a solar term, starting from the beginning of spring and finally cold. It starts again and again. It is not only the time criterion promulgated by the government of previous dynasties, but also the compass to guide agricultural production. In daily life, people predict the cold, warm, snow and rain, It is the accumulation of long-term experience and the crystallization of wisdom of the working people of the Han nationality. Up to now, the observation of climate is of great help and affects everyone's food, clothing, housing and transportation. What are the related ballads of

and

?

and

in addition to the proverbs, there are also many ballads of solar terms suitable for children to sing in ancient times. The following are some examples:

and

(one of them)

and

in the beginning of spring, the sun turns, the rain moves along the river, stings crows, the land is dry at the spring equinox, the wheat is busy at the Qingming Festival, and the field is planted by grain rain;

and

at the beginning of summer, the goose feather lives, the small birds come all over, the grain in ear opens the shovel, the summer solstice does not take cotton, the slight heat is not hot, and the summer heat is dog days;

and

are busy fighting in the beginning of autumn. They use their sickles in the summer. White Dew smoke is on the shelf. There is no field at the autumn equinox. The cold dew is not cold, and the frost has changed the sky;

and

the beginning of winter turns into October. The small snow is tightly sealed, the heavy snow river is sealed, and the boat is not allowed at the winter solstice. The light cold is close to the twelfth month, and the heavy cold is all year round.

and

(II)

and

in the beginning of spring, the rain gradually, the insects do not sleep, the spring equinox is near Qingming, and before the rain in tea picking valley;

and

are satisfied at the beginning of summer, the grain in ear is sickling, the summer solstice is light, and the summer heat is dog days;

and

in the beginning of autumn, the summer goes, the White Dew flies to the south, the autumn equinox cold dew arrives, the frost falls, and the red leaves are dyed;

and

light snow floats at the beginning of winter. Heavy snow heralds a good year. The winter solstice lasts for nine days, with light and heavy cold.

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