Drinking, smoking, drinking tea, which one is more harmful? Compare now
"Drinking, smoking, drinking tea, which is the most harmful?" In daily life, many people often do not distinguish between tobacco, alcohol and tea. Although drinking, smoking, and drinking tea can bring pleasure to the body, it may also be unknowingly It erodes health.
1. Drinking alcohol, drinking just one drop is also harmful
Professor Yu Kang from Peking Union Medical College Hospital said that although drinking can temporarily bring some physical pleasure, the damage far outweighs the benefits.
1. The most direct impact-liver injury
First of all, the most direct effect of drinking is liver damage. This is because the ethanol in alcohol enters the body and needs to be metabolized by the liver. In this process, it will not only interfere with the normal metabolism of nutrients such as sugars, lipids, and proteins in the body. , And it will also affect the liver's detoxification function. At the same time, alcohol has a direct toxic effect on the liver, which can induce various liver diseases.
2. The worst effect-carcinogenic
Professor Yu Kang introduced a study conducted abroad and found that men who consume more than 69 grams of alcohol per day are 1.76 times more likely to develop liver cancer than those who do not drink alcohol, while women consume more than or equal to 23 grams of alcohol per day. The risk of liver cancer is 3.6 times higher than that of people who do not drink alcohol . At the same time, a large number of studies have confirmed that more than half of liver cancers are "drinked" by drinking, especially high-concentration alcohol.
This also means that the worst effect caused by drinking is carcinogenesis. However, drinking alcohol not only induces liver cancer, but also increases the risk of esophageal cancer, rectal cancer, breast cancer and other cancers.
3. The most undesirable consequence of men-low sexual function
In addition, drinking alcohol can also cause sexual dysfunction. After a large amount of alcohol enters the body, male hormones in the blood of men will decrease, and the liver will accelerate the processing of male hormones, leading to an increase in estrogen. At the same time, drinking will also affect the nervous system and the nervous system. The vascular system affects and ultimately leads to a decline in sexual function, which is the most undesirable consequence of men.
In addition, drinking alcohol can also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease . At the same time, long-term drinking can cause damage to the digestive system and urinary system . Drinking a lot of alcohol may also cause alcohol poisoning , which can cause death in severe cases.
In short, drinking alcohol does more harm than good, and it is best not to drink a drop. However, smoking is more harmful than drinking, because smoking not only hurts oneself, but also hurts others.
2. Smoking hurts yourself as well as others!
1. One-handed smoke hurts oneself
According to statistics from the World Health Organization, the number of deaths from smoking worldwide is as high as 6 million each year , and one person dies from a smoking-related disease every 6 seconds. In the “Report on the Health Hazards of Smoking in China” released in 2012, it was mentioned. The average life expectancy of smokers will be 10 years shorter than that of non-smokers.
On the other hand, smoking can also cause cancer. Zhang Yongsheng , chief physician of the Department of Respiratory Fever, Dongfang Hospital , Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that the compounds and harmful substances in tobacco not only induce malignant mutations in genes, but also prevent automatic gene repair and accelerate gene damage. Eventually induce the occurrence of various cancers, including laryngeal cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer and so on.
At the same time, smoking can also cause cardiovascular diseases . The "Report on Health Risks to Smoking in China" pointed out that the nicotine, nitric oxide and other substances in cigarettes can excite the sympathetic nerves, leading to increased heart rate and blood pressure, thereby inducing arrhythmia , And even trigger the occurrence of heart failure, there is enough evidence that smoking will increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
2. Second-hand smoke and third-hand smoke hurt others
By 2015, China CDC and the World Health Organization jointly published a report, according to statistics, the whole ball more than 38 million people died of coronary heart disease caused by secondhand smoke. In addition, the report also mentioned, China every year about 100,000 people die from second-hand smoke is the environment in which the number of people exposed to secondhand smoke is as high as 740 million , even more frightening is that third-hand smoke pollution produced, The duration is longer than first-hand smoke and second-hand smoke.
The residues in the third-hand smoke react with other pollutants to form a toxic substance, which can cause harm to people entering the environment through skin contact, digestive tract absorption and respiratory tract inhalation, such as asthma and acute bronchitis.
Since smoking and drinking are harmful, how about drinking tea. Tea culture has a long history in our country. It is always a good thing, right?
3. Drinking tea has both advantages and disadvantages
Drinking tea may seem simple, but it is not a trivial matter, because only drinking tea is good for health.
1. Drinking tea is good for health
Professor Yu Kang said that when it comes to the benefits of drinking tea, I believe most people will think of refreshing the brain the first time . This is because the caffeine contained in tea can enhance the excitement process of the cerebral cortex and make people feel energetic. In fact, tea leaves There are also many nutrients in it, such as gum, chlorophyll, crude fiber, vitamins, minerals, etc. These substances are beneficial to the human body. At the same time, drinking tea can also effectively resist oxidation . Yu Kang said, because tea is The tea polyphenols have a powerful antioxidant effect and can remove excess free radicals in our body. Therefore, drinking tea has many benefits.
2. Drinking tea is wrong, there is a risk of cancer
Drinking tea incorrectly can cause cancer. Professor Li Liming of Peking University School of Public Health conducted a 10-year follow-up survey of more than 450,000 people and found that people who drink more tea have more cancers than those who drink less tea. Gastric cancer is the most obvious. At the same time, people who drink tea I smoke and drink a lot. Professor Li Liming analyzed the reasons. The high temperature of the tea and the caffeine contained in the tea will stimulate the secretion of gastric acid, thereby increasing the risk of cancer.
In this regard, Wang Boshi , a nutritionist in the Department of Clinical Nutrition at Peking University People’s Hospital , said that drinking too hot tea can indeed cause cancer , because too hot tea will repeatedly irritate and burn the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, and esophagus, which may induce cancer risk. Increase, and smoking and drinking while drinking tea, the risk of cancer will be higher.
It can be seen that no matter what, smoking and drinking are harmless, but drinking tea has many benefits. Therefore, for the health of yourself and others, you must stay away from tobacco and alcohol, and at the same time, learn to drink tea correctly. .
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